Tag Archives: Three Kings Islands

Coprosma macrocarpa Cheeseman

Coprosma macrocarpa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island; Three Kings Islands

local names: –

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Two subspecies, the nominate confined to the Three Kings Islands, the other subspecies, Coprosma macrocarpa ssp. minor R. O. Gardner & Heads ex A. Druce (see photo), to northern North Island and its offshore islands.

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Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

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Streblus smithii (Cheeseman) Corner

Streblus smithii

Distribution:

New Zealand: South West Island (Three Kings Islands)

local names: –

Calystegia tuguriorum (G. Forst.) Hook. f.

Calystegia tuguriorum

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Cuvier Island; Great Barrier Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Three Kings Islands; Womens Island (Titi Islands)

local names: –

Dianella nigra Colenso

Dianella nigra

Distribution:

New Zealand: Cuvier Island; Great Barrier Island; Goat Island; Kapiti Island; Little Barrier Island; North Island; Pakihi Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Great Island (Three Kings Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

plant:

piopio – New Zealand
turutu – New Zealand

plant parts:

pepepe – New Zealand (fruit)
reua – New Zealand (fruit)

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References:

[1] P. B. Heenan; P. J. de Lange: Two new species of Dianella (Hemerocallidaceae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 45: 269-285. 2007

Carex elingamita Hamlin

Carex elingamita

Distribution:

New Zealand: Hinemoa Rock, Manawa Tawhi, North East Island, South West Island, West Island (Three Kings Islands)

local names: –

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Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

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edited: 22.08.2017

 

Lobelia anceps L. f.

Lobelia anceps

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa
New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names:

punakuru – New Zealand
purao – New Zealand
waewae-koukou – New Zealand

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This species occurs from Australia to South Africa and South America, it is found in Polynesia.

Geniostoma rupestre J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.

Geniostoma rupestre

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa, Rurutu (?)
Fiji: Fulaga, Gau, Kadavu, Koro, Lakeba, Nasoata, Nayau, Ovalau, Rotuma, Taveuni, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Waya
Marquesas: Fatu Hiva, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Pou
New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Rangitoto Island; South Island; Manawa Tawhi Island, South West Island (Three Kings Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island
Niue
Pitcairn Islands: Henderson Island
Samoa: Fanuatapu, Namu’a, Nu’ulua, Nu’utele, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Mo’orea, Tahiti
Tonga: ‘Eua, Ha’apai, Kao, Motutapu, Onevai, Tafahi, Tofua, Tongatapu, ‘Uta Vava’u
Wallis & Futuna: Alofi, Futuna, ‘Uvea

local names:

age – Rurutu / Austral Islands
ange – Rapa / Austral Islands
faipuu – Society Islands
hangehange – New Zealand
taipoipoi – Samoa

~~~

The species is split into several varieties, of which at least four occur within the Polynesian region, Geniostoma rupestre var. crassum (Cheeseman) Conn (endemic to New Zealand), Geniostoma rupestre var. glaberrimum (Benth.) Conn (most parts of Polynesia, especially French Polynesia), the nominate Geniostoma rupestre var. rupestre (western Polynesia), and Geniostoma rupestre var. tongense (A. C. Sm. & Stone) Conn (Fiji, Niue and Tonga).

Many of these varieties include synonyms that formerly were treated as distinct species. [1]

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References:

[1] Barry J. Conn: A taxonomic revision of Geniostoma Subg. Geniostoma (Loganiaceae). Blumea 26: 245-364. 1980

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geniostoma-r-v-rupestre-tt

nominate variety

Photo: Tavita Togia
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/tavita_togia2016

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Cheilanthes sieberi Kunze

Cheilanthes sieberi

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands); Kapiti Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Islands
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

Solanum americanum Mill.

Solanum americanum Mill.

Distribution:

Cook Islands: Aitutaki, ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Ma’uke, Miti’aro, Palmerston, Rakahanga, Rarotonga
Fiji: Fulaga, Kadavu, Rotuma, Taveuni, Viti Levu, Yageta
Hawai’i Islands (?): Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Kaua’i, Ka’ula, Kure, Lana’i, Laysan, Lehua, Lisianski, Maui, Midwayi, Moloka’i, Nihoa, Ni’ihau, O’ahu, Pearl and Hermes Reef
New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island, Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands), Kapiti Island, Kermadec Islands, North Island, Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands), South Island, Three Kings Islands, Tiritiri Matangi Island
Niue
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island, Phillip Island
Samoa: Fanuatapu (?), Nu’ulua (?), Ofu, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Tonga: Tongatapu

 

local names:

akari pipiro (?) – Rakahanga / Cook Islands
poporo– New Zealand
poroporo– Aitutaki, Mangaia, Rarotonga / Cook Islands; New Zealand
poroporo puaka– Ma’uke / Cook Islands
poro puaka– ‘Atiu, Mitiaro / Cook Islands
raupeti– New Zealand
remuroa– New Zealand

~~~

This species can be found in the tropical regions almost worldwide, though its native range probably comprises the coastal areas along the tropical Pacific of the Americas, Australia, Melanesia, and probably parts of Polynesia. [1]

The very variable species is about 1,5 m tall and bears small white flowers and glossy black berries.

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References:

[1] Tiina Särkinen; Peter Poczai; Gloria E. Barboza; Gerard M. van der Weerden; Maria Baden; Sandra Knapp: A revision of the Old World Black Nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae). PhytoKeys 106: 1-223. 2018

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Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

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edited: 25.09.2018

Monomorium antarcticum (Fr. Smith)

Common New Zealand Ant (Monomorium antarcticum)

The genus Monomorium contains over 300 species, with six species occurring in New Zealand, only two (or three) of which are native resp. endemic to New Zealand.

Altogether about five native species are known to exist within the Polynesian region.

~~~

The Common New Zealand Ant is actually not a species but a species complex, which contains at least four distinct species, and which needs further investigation.

The ‘species’ reaches a size of about 0,3 to 0,4 cm.

~~~

In the year 1936 (and again in the year 2002) a ant species was found on the island of Rapa / Austral Islands, that was identified as this ‘species’ – these ants, which seem indeed to be native to this island, however, most probably represent another, distinct, and hitherto undescribed species from the species complex. [1][2]

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References:

[1] William Morton Wheeler: Ants from the Society, Austral, Tuamotu and Mangareva Islands. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 12(18). 1936
[2] R. A. Englund: Report for the 2002 Pacific Biological Survey, Bishop Museum Austral Islands, French Polynesia Expedition to Raivavae and Rapa Iti. prepered for: Délégation à la Recherche (Ministère de la Culture, de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche), B.P. 20981 Papeete, Tahiti, Polynésie française. 2003

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monomorium-antarcticum-an-antweb

Photo: April Nobile
http://www.antweb.org

(under creative commons license (3.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0

Anthosachne kingiana (Endl.) Govaerts

Anthosachne kingiana

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island, Phillip Island

local names: –

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ssp. kingiana (Endl.) Govaerts
ssp. multiflora (Banks & Sol. ex Hook. f.) Govaerts

Parsonsia capsularis (G. Forst.) R. Br.

Parsonsia capsularis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Mercury Islands; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Stewart Island; Three Kings Islands

local names: –

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edited: 13.12.2018

Selliera radicans Cav.

Selliera radicans

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island; Betsy Island, Big Island, Kundy Island, Poutama Island (Titi Islands)

local names:

remuremu – New Zealand

Entelea arborescens R. Br.

Entelea arborescens

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Little Barrier Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

whau – New Zealand

Myoporum laetum G. Forst.

Myoporum laetum

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Mokohinau Islands; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Rimariki Islands; South Island; Stephens Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

ngaio – New Zealand

Cyperus insularis Heenan & de Lange

Cyperus insularis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Hernia Island (Aldermen Islands); Bream Island, Marotiri Island, Keyhole Rock, Hen Island, Sail Rock, Whatupuke Island (Hen and Chicken Islands); Cheeseman Islet, Curtis Island, Macauley Island, Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); Aiguilles Island, Channel Island, Motuhaka Island, Great Mercury Island (Mercury Islands); Gut Rock, Motukino Island, Pokohinu Island (Mokohinau Islands); Matapia Island, Motuopao Island, Moturoa Island, North Island, Whale Island (Moturoa Islands); Moutuhora Island; North Island; Aorangi Island, Tawhiti Rahi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Great Island, South West King Island, Stella Rock, West Island (Three Kings Islands)

local names: –

~~~

This species was described in the year 2005. [1]

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References:

[1] P. B. Heenan; P. J. de Lange: Cyperus insularis (Cyperaceae), a new species of sedge from northern New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 43: 351-359. 2005

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cyperus-insularis-jb

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Schizaea fistulosa Labill.

Schizaea fistulosa

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu
Marquesas: Hiva Oa
New Zealand: Auckland Island (Auckland Islands); Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Stewart Island; South Island; Three Kings Islands; Putauhina Island (Titi Islands)
Samoa
Society Islands: Huahine (?), Ra’iatea, Tahiti

local names: –