Tag Archives: Rubiaceae

Psychotria rapensis F. Br.

Psychotria rapensis

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa

local names: –

Psychotria bullata Seem.

Psychotria bullata

Distribution:

Fiji: Vanua Levu, Viti Levu

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 4. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1988

Psychotria reineckei K. Schum.

Psychotria reineckei

Distribution:

Samoa: Savai’i, ‘Upolu

local names: –

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References:

[1] W. A. Whistler: A revision of Psychotria (Rubiaceae) in Samoa. Journal of the Arnold Arboreum 67: 341-370. 1986

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Photo from: ‘Karl Rechinger: Botanische und Zoologische Ergebnisse einer wissenschaftlichen Forschungsreise nach den Samoa-Inseln, dem Neuguinea-Archipel und den Salomonsinseln. Wien: In Kommission bei Alfred Hölder 1907-1914’

(not in copyright)

Coprosma macrocarpa Cheeseman

Coprosma macrocarpa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island; Three Kings Islands

local names: –

~~~

Two subspecies, the nominate confined to the Three Kings Islands, the other subspecies, Coprosma macrocarpa ssp. minor R. O. Gardner & Heads ex A. Druce (see photo), to northern North Island and its offshore islands.

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Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

Coprosma wallii Petrie

Coprosma wallii

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

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Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Coprosma rhamnoides A. Cunn.

Coprosma rhamnoides

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Little Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Coprosma depressa Colenso ex Hook. f.

Coprosma depressa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Putauhina Island (Titi Islands)

local names: –

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Photo: Alice Shanks
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/alice_shanks

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Coprosma robusta Raoul

Coprosma robusta

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Tatapihi Island (Mokohinau Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island, Archway Island (Poor Knights Islands); Rangitoto Island; South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

karamu – New Zealand

Ophiorrhiza rupestris Hemsl.

Ophiorrhiza rupestris

Distribution:

Wallis & Futuna: Alofi, Futuna

local names: –

~~~

Within the Polynesian region this species appears to be restricted to Alofi and Futuna, Wallis & Futuna, but it is otherwise known to be quite widespread on the Solomon Islands.

Since the plant is obviously restricted to beach habitats, it may be an arboriginal introduction. [1]

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References:

[1] Steven P. Darwin: The Pacific species of Ophiorrhiza L. (Rubiaceae). Lyonia 1(2): 47-102. 1976

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edited: 11.08.2017

Sarcopygme mayorii (Setch.) Setch. & Christoph.

Sarcopygme mayorii

Distribution:

Samoa: Tutuila

local names: –

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References:

[1] W. A. Setchell; Erling Christophersen: Preliminary notes on Sarcopygme, a new rubiaceous genus from Samoa. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 11(5): 1-5. 1935

Coprosma acerosa A. Cunn.

Coprosma acerosa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names:

mingimingi – New Zealand

~~~

This species is known to hybridize with other Coprosma spp., for example with Coprosma propinqua var. martinii W. R. B. Oliv., or with Coprosma repens A. Rich., the last hybrid is known as Coprosma x kirkii.

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Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Psychotria forsteriana A. Gray

Psychotria forsteriana

Distribution:

Fiji: Kadavu, Koro, Moala, Moturiki, Ovalau, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Samoa: Savai’i, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Tonga: ‘Eua

local names:

draga meilago – Vanua Levu / Fiji
vesou – Kadavu / Fiji

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References:

[1] W. A. Whistler: A revision of Psychotria (Rubiaceae) in Samoa. Journal of the Arnold Arboreum 67: 341-370. 1986
[2] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 4. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1988

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Photo from: ‘Karl Rechinger: Botanische und Zoologische Ergebnisse einer wissenschaftlichen Forschungsreise nach den Samoa-Inseln, dem Neuguinea-Archipel und den Salomonsinseln. Wien: In Kommission bei Alfred Hölder 1907-1914’

(not in copyright)

Sarcopygme pacifica (Reinecke) Setch. & Christoph.

Sarcopygme pacifica

Distribution:

Samoa: Savai’i, Ofu, Olosega, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu

local names:

u’unu – Samoa

~~~

This species is the type species of its genus, which is the only plant genus endemic to the Samoan Islands.

It contains five species of small trees, and is most closely related to the genus Morinda, and differs especially by its flowers, of which hundreds open simultaneously on one flower head.

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References:

[1] W. A. Setchell; Erling Christophersen: Preliminary notes on Sarcopygme, a new rubiaceous genus from Samoa. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 11(5): 1-5. 1935

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Photo: Tavita Togia
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/tavita_togia2016

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Coprosma colensoi Hook. f.

Coprosma colensoi

Distribution:

New Zealand: Kapiti Island; North Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

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Photo: Lloyd Esler
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/esler

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Aidia racemosa (Cav.) Tirveng.

Aidia racemosa

Distribution:

Samoa: ‘Aunu’u, Fanuatapu, Namu’a, Nu’ulua, Nu’utele, Savai’i, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Tonga: ‘Uta Vava’u
Wallis & Futuna: Futuna, ‘Uvea

local name: –

Psychotria hawaiiensis (A. Gray) Fosb.

Psychotria hawaiiensis

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Maui, Moloka’i

local names: –

~~~

three varieties, nominate, Psychotria hawaiiensis var. hillebrandii (Rock) Fosb. and Psychotria hawaiiensis var. scoriacea (Rock) Fosb.

Kadua lichtlei W. L. Wagner & Lorence

Lichtle’s Kadua (Kadua lichtlei)

Distribution:

Marquesas: Ua Huka

local names: –

~~~

Lichtle’s Kadua is an about 4 m tall shrub or small tree with 5 to 17,5 cm long, and 3,5 to 11,5 wide, broadly elliptic to broadly ovate leaves.

This species is endemic to the island of Ua Huka, and seems to be restricted to a single locality, where only a single population of only about 30 individuals is known to exist.

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References:

[1] David Lorence, Warren L. Wagner: Revision of Kadua (Rubiaceae) in the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia, with description of the new species K. lichtlei. PhytoKeys 4: 125-138. 2011

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kadua-lichtlei-dhl

Depiction from: ‘David H. Lorence; Warren L. Wagner: Revision of Kadua (Rubiaceae) in the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia, with the description of the new species K. lichtlei. In: Lorence DH, Wagner WL (Eds) Botany of the Marquesas Islands: new taxa, combinations, and revisions. PhytoKeys 4: 125-138. 2011′

(under creative commons license (3.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Coprosma ernodeoides A. Gray

Coprosma ernodeoides

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Maui

local names: –

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coprosma-ernodeoides-fks

coprosma-ernodeoides-fks1

Photos: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

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edited:

05.02.2017

Kadua tahuatensis (J. Florence & Lorence) W. L. Wagner & Lorence

Tahuata Kadua (Kadua tahuatensis)

Distribution:

Marquesas: Tahuata

local names: –

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References:

[1] Edward E. Terrell; Harold E. Robinson; Warren L. Wagner; David H. Lorence: Resurrection of Genus Kadua for Hawaiian Hedyotidinae (Rubiaceae), with Emphasis on Seed and Fruit Characters and Notes on South Pacific Species. Systematic Botany 30(4): 818-833. 2005
[2] David Lorence, Warren Wagner: Revision of Kadua (Rubiaceae) in the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia, with description of the new species K. lichtlei. PhytoKeys 4: 125-138. 2011

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kadua-tahuatensis-ssp

Photo: Steven P. Perlman

National Tropical Botanical Garden
3530 Papalina Road, Kalaheo HI 96741 USA
http://www.ntbg.org

http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm

Coprosma obconica Kirk

Coprosma obconica

Distribution:

New Zealand: D’Urville Island; North Island; South Island

local names: –

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Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Psychotria brachythrix A. C. Sm.

Psychotria brachythrix

Distribution:

Fiji: Vanua Levu

local names:

~~~

This species is hitherto known only from the type material. [1]

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 4. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1988

Coprosma temetiuensis W. L. Wagner & Lorence

Coprosma temetiuensis

Distribution:

Marquesas: Hiva Oa

local names: –

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References:

[1] W. L. Wagner; D. H. Lorence: Revision of Coprosma (Rubiaceae, tribe Anthospermeae) in the Marquesas Islands. PhytoKeys 4: 109-124. 2011

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Photo from: ‘W. L. Wagner; D. H. Lorence: Revision of Coprosma (Rubiaceae, tribe Anthospermeae) in the Marquesas Islands. PhytoKeys 4: 109-124. 2011’

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Coprosma rugosa Cheeseman

Coprosma rugosa

Distribution:

New Zealand: South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

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Photo: Mike Lusk
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/mike68lusk

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Kadua haupuensis Lorence & W. L. Wagner

Haupu Kadua (Kadua haupuensis)

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Kaua’i

local names: –

~~~

The Haupu Kadua was described a s a distinct species in the year 2010.

It was discovered on the Ha’upu Mountain Range on the island of Kaua’i, and was originally thought to represent a sub-population of another Kadua species, Kadua flynnii (W. L. Wagner & Lorence) W. L. Wagner & Lorence.

The Haupu Kadua is an about 1 to 1,5 m tall shrub with five to fifteen much-branched stems, and shiny green leaves.

The species appears to be extinct in its original location in the wild now, however, the species is in cultivation, and seedlings are planned to be released into suitable habitats.

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References:

[1] David Lorence; Warren Wagner; William Laidlaw: Kadua haupuensis (Rubiaceae: Spermacoceae), a new endemic species from Kaua’i, Hawaiian Islands. Brittonia 62(2): 137-144. 2010

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kadua-haupuensis-dwe

Photo: David W. Eickhoff; by courtesy of David W. Eickhoff

Native Plants Hawai’i
http://www.nativeplants.hawaii.edu

http://www.flickr.com/photos/50823119@N08

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edited: 28.01.2017

Coprosma propinqua A. Cunn.

Coprosma propinqua

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names:

mingimingi – New Zealand

~~~

two varieties:

var. martinii W. R. B. Oliv.
var. propinqua A. Cunn. (photo)

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Photo: Alex Fergus
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/fergus

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Coprosma perpusilla Colenso

Coprosma perpusilla

Distribution:

Macquarie Island
New Zealand: Antipodes Islands; Auckland Islands; Campbell Island (Campbell Islands); North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

two varieties:

var. perpusilla Colenso
var. subantarctica Orchard

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coprosma-perpusilla-sk

var. perpusilla

Photo: Shirley Kerr
http://inaturalist.ca/people/shirleykerr

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Psychotria glabra (Turrill) Fosberg

Psychotria glabra

Distribution:

Fiji: Kadavu, Ovalau, Viti Levu

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 4. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1988

Nertera granadensis (Mutis ex L. f.) Druce

Nertera granadensis

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu

local names: –

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nertera-granadensis-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

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edited:

05.02.2017

Psychotria tephrosantha A. Gray

Psychotria tephrosantha

Distribution:

Fiji: Gau, Moturiki, Ovalau, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Yadua Taba

local names:

butiboni – Viti Levu / Fiji
nai vaka reva nibaca – Viti Levu / Fiji
solui – Vanua Levu / Fiji
vonoyauyau – Viti Levu / Fiji
wa kau – Fiji
wa lo – Viti Levu / Fiji
wa masi – Viti Levu / Fiji
waramede – Vanua Levu / Fiji
wa salai – Viti Levu / Fiji

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 4. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1988

Cyclophyllum barbatum (G. Forst.) N. Hallé & J. Florence

Cyclophyllum barbatum

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Rapa, Rurutu, Tubuai
Cook Islands: ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Ma’uke, Miti’aro, Rarotonga
Fiji: Gau, Kabara, Lakeba, Munia, Nayau, Ovalau, Tuvuca, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Gambier Islands: Mangareva, Taravai
Marquesas: Fatu Hiva, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Huka, Ua Pou
Pitcairn Islands: Henderson Island, Pitcairn Island
Samoa: Savai’i, Tutuila
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Huahine, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Taha’a, Tahiti
Tonga: ‘Eua, Kao, Tofua, Tongatapu, ‘Uta Vava’u
Tuamotu Archipelago: Anaa, Makatea, Niau

local names:

hihiteka – Tuamotu Archipelago
katoa – Marquesas
kohenua – Ua Pou / Marquesas
mariri – Mangaia / Cook Islands
matira – Rarotonga / Cook Islands
nioi – Austral Islands
o’oau – Marquesas
oro’e’a – Society Islands
orotea – Miti’aro / Cook Islands
‘orotea – ‘Atiu, Ma’uke / Cook Islands
putoro’te’a – Society Islands
toata – Marquesas
toauta – Marquesas
toporo – Austral Islands
torea – Austral Islands
toroea – Tahiti / Society Islands
toro’e’a – Society Islands; Tuamotu Archipelago
torotea – Tahiti / Society Islands
toro’te’a – Society Islands

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 4. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1988

Cyclophyllum rectinervium (A. C. Sm.) A. C. Sm. & S. P. Darwin

Cyclophyllum rectinervium

Distribution:

Fiji: Vanua Levu

local names: –

~~~

This species is known only from the type collection, made in 1933 of the island of Vanua Levu, Fiji, it may already be extinct. [1]

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 4. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1988

Coprosma grandifolia Hook. f.

Coprosma grandifolia

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

kanono – New Zealand
manono – New Zealand

Gynochthodes epiphytica (Rech.) A. C. Sm. & S. P. Darwin

Gynochthodes epiphytica

Distribution:

Fiji: Fulaga, Lakeba, Nayau, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Yacata
Niue
Samoa: Savai’i, Ofu, Olosega, Ta’u, Tutuila
Tonga: ‘Eua, Tongatapu

local names:

coro – Viti Levu / Fiji
sererakavona – Viti Levu / Fiji

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 4. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1988

Coprosma linariifolia Hook. f.

Coprosma linariifolia

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names:

mikimiki – New Zealand

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Photo: Penelope Gillette
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/penelopegillette

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Ixora harveyi (A. Gray) A. C. Sm.

Ixora harveyi

Distribution:

Fiji: Taveuni, Vanua Levu

local names:

tomitomi – Vanua Levu / Fiji

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 4. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1988

Psydrax odorata (G. Forst.) A. C. Sm. & S. P. Darwin

Psydrax odorata

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Rapa, Rurutu
Fiji: Aiwa, Cikobia, Fulaga, Gau, Kabara, Kanacea, Lakeba, Moala, Munia, Nacula, Nairai, Nayau, Ovalau, Taveuni, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Yadua Taba, Yasawa
Gambier Islands: Agakauitai, Aukena, Mangareva
Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu
Marquesas: Eiao, Fatu Hiva, Hatuta’a, Hiva Oa, Mohotani, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Huka, Ua Pou
Pitcairn Islands: Henderson Island, Pitcairn Island
Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui (ex)
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Mo’orea, Taha’a, Tahiti
Tonga: ‘Eua, Niuafo’ou, ‘Uiha

local names:

alahe’e – Hawai’i Islands
eua – Marquesas
hitoa – Society Islands
kofenua – Marquesas
kohenua – Marquesas
kotai – Marquesas
nioi – Austral Islands; Gambier Islands; Marquesas
‘ohe’e – Hawai’i Islands
olamaka – ‘Eua / Tonga
pakora – Tubuai Islands
pakoro – Tubuai Islands
toporo – Tubuai Islands
tutu – Gambier Islands
ua reka – Gambier Islands
walahe’e – Hawai’i Islands
yaduvu – Vanua Levu / Fiji

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psydrax-odorata-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com