Tag Archives: Raoul Island

Pouzolzia australis (Endl.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear

Pouzolzia australis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Macauley Island (ex), Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

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Lobelia anceps L. f.

Lobelia anceps

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa
New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names:

punakuru – New Zealand
purao – New Zealand
waewae-koukou – New Zealand

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This species occurs from Australia to South Africa and South America, it is found in Polynesia.

Parablechnum procerum (G. Forst.) C. Presl

Parablechnum procerum

Distribution:

Cook Islands: Rarotonga
New Zealand: Antipodes Islands; Adams Island, Auckland Island, Enderby Island (Auckland Islands); Campbell Island (Campbell Islands); Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); Rangitoto Island; Big Solander Island (Solander Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island; Putauhina Island (Titi Islands)
Samoa: Savai’i

local names:

kiokio – New Zealand

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References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

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edited: 03.02.2018

Veronica breviracemosa W. R. B. Oliv.

Veronica breviracemosa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)

local names: –

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Photo: Katy Johns
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/aunty

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 05.02.2018

Callopistria maillardi (Guenée)

White Tangle Fern Moth (Callopistria maillardi)

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa
Cook Islands: Rarotonga
Fiji: Leleuvia, Moce, Naukacuvu, Rotuma, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Viwa, Yasawa
New Zealand: Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island
Samoa: Savai’, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Tahiti
Tonga

local names: –

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The White Tangle Fern Moth was described in 1862, it is an Indo-pacific species that occurs in parts of Africa to Asia and Australia well into eastern Polynesia.

There are several synonyms that formerly were thought to constitute distinct species and subspecies, some of which were believed to be endemic to single islands or island groups.

The species reaches a wingspan of 2,7 to about 3 cm.

The caterpilars feed on several endemic, native or even introduced fern species including Adiantum, Asplenium, Lygodium, Microsorum, Nephrolepis and Pellaea spp.. [1][2]

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The species is also known from the Hawaiian Islands, but is very likely not native to these islands.

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Refrences:

[1] Gaden S. Robinson: Macrolepidoptera of Fiji and Rotuma: a taxonomic and biogeographic study. Classey 1975
[2] Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Conservation International Pacific Islands Programme: Rapid Biodiversity Assessment of Key Biodiversity Areas: Falealupo Peninsula Coastal Rainforest, Central Savaii Rainforest, and Uafato-Tiavea Coastal Rainforest, Samoa. Apia, Samoa 2017

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edited: 05.01.2019

Melicope ternata A. Cunn.

Melicope ternata

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands); Kapiti Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Adversaeschna brevistyla (Rambur)

Blue-spotted Hawker (Adversaeschna brevistyla)

The Blue-spotted Hawker was described in the year 1842, it is the only member of its genus.

The species is widespread across Australia, New Zealand and the Norfolk Islands, here it prefers relatively large lakes and other standing water with tall bankside vegetation, but is often found far from water.

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adversaeschna-brevistyla-nzn

Depiction from: ‘G. V. Hudson: New Zealand Neuroptera: A popular Introduction to the Life Histories and Habits of May Flies, Dragon Flies, Caddis Flies and allied Insects inhabiting New Zealand, including Notes on their relation to Angling. London: West, Newman & Co. 1904′

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org

Cenchrus caliculatus Cav.

Cenchrus caliculatus

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Rapa
Cook Islands: Miti’aro, Rarotonga
Fiji: Batiki, Fulaga, Gau, Kabara, Koro, Mago, Matuku, Nairai, Ovalau, Taveuni, Totoya, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Vatulele, Viti Levu, Wakaya
Gambier Islands: Aukena, Mangareva, Manui, Motu Teiku
Marquesas: Eiao, Fatu Hiva, Nuku Hiva
New Zealand: Raoul Island (Kermadec-Inseln)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island (ex)
Samoa: Savai’i (ex), Tutuila (ex), ‘Upolu (ex)
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Huahine, Mai’ao, Maupiti, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Tahiti
Tonga: ‘Eua, Nomuka, Tofua, ‘Uta Vava’u
Tuamotu Archipelago: Makatea

local names:

parango maori (?) – Miti’aro / Cook Islands
piripiri – Society Islands

Metrosideros kermadecensis W. R. B. Oliv.

Metrosideros kermadecensis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Herald Islets, North Chanter Island, North Meyer Island, South Meyer Islands, Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)

local names: –

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metrosideros-kermadecensis-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Homalanthus polyandrus (Hook. f. ex Müll.Arg.) Cheeseman

Kermadec Poplar (Homalanthus polyandrous)

Distribution:

New Zealand: Macauley Island, Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)

local names: –

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The up to 10 m tall Kermadec Poplar is endemic to the Kermadec Islands, where it can be found on Macauley Island and Raoul Island.

Ipomoea pes-caprae ssp. brasiliensis (L.) Ooststr.

Ipomoea pes-caprae ssp. brasiliensis

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai
Cook Islands: Aitutaki, ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Manihiki, Palmerston, Rakahanga, Rarotonga, Tongareva
Fiji: Beqa, Cicia, Gau, Kabara, Kadavu, Lakeba, Nayau, Nukulevu, Yanucalailai, Nacula, Nukulau, Makaluva, Moturiki, Nasoata, Rotuma, Taveuni, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Vatulele, Viti Levu, Vomo, Vomo Lailai, Waya
Gambier Islands: Agakauitai, Akamaru, Aukena, Kamaka, Mangareva, Mekiro, Taravai, Totegegie
Hawai’i Islands: French Frigate Shoals, Green Island, Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Kaua’i, Ka’ula, Lana’i, Laysan, Lehua, Lisianski, Maui, Midway, Moloka’i, Nihoa, Ni’ihau, O’ahu
Kiribati: Abariringa, Orona, Palmyra Atoll, Starbuck Island, Tabuaeran, Teraina
Marquesas: Eiao, Fatu Hiva, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Huka, Ua Pou
New Zealand: Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands), North Island
Niue
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island
Rapa Nui
Samoa: ‘Aunu’u, Fanuatapu, Manono, Namu’a, Nu’ulua, Nu’utele, Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Mai’ao, Me’eti’a, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Taha’a, Tahiti
Tokelau: Atafu, Fakaofo, Nukunonu
Tonga: ‘Eua, Fafa, Foa, Fukave, Malinoa, Manima, Monuafe, Motutapu, Nomuka, Nuku, Oneata, Onevai, Onevao, Pangaimotu, Tau, Tufaka, Velitoa Hihifo
Tuamotu Archipelago: Fangataufa, Hao, Hereheretue, Makatea
Wallis & Futuna: Futuna

local names:

fue moa – Samoa
fue tahi– Tonga
kaka – Rarotonga / Cook Islands
kaka pae-tai – Mangaia / Cook Islands
lawere – Fiji
lauivi – Fiji
lauwere – Fiji
pohue – Tongareva / Cook Islands
poue – Palmerston / Cook Islands
ra-pohue – Raraka / Cook Islands
rau-pohue tarona – Manihiki / Cook Islands
wa vui – Fiji
wa vulavula – Fiji
yale – Fiji
yaleyale – Fiji

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edited: 10.04.2019

Parietaria debilis G. Forst.

Parietaria debilis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Macauley Island, Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

Cyperus insularis Heenan & de Lange

Cyperus insularis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Hernia Island (Aldermen Islands); Bream Island, Marotiri Island, Keyhole Rock, Hen Island, Sail Rock, Whatupuke Island (Hen and Chicken Islands); Cheeseman Islet, Curtis Island, Macauley Island, Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); Aiguilles Island, Channel Island, Motuhaka Island, Great Mercury Island (Mercury Islands); Gut Rock, Motukino Island, Pokohinu Island (Mokohinau Islands); Matapia Island, Motuopao Island, Moturoa Island, North Island, Whale Island (Moturoa Islands); Moutuhora Island; North Island; Aorangi Island, Tawhiti Rahi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Great Island, South West King Island, Stella Rock, West Island (Three Kings Islands)

local names: –

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This species was described in the year 2005. [1]

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References:

[1] P. B. Heenan; P. J. de Lange: Cyperus insularis (Cyperaceae), a new species of sedge from northern New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 43: 351-359. 2005

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cyperus-insularis-jb

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Typha orientalis C. Presl

Typha orientalis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names:

raupo – New Zealand

Hemicordulia australiae (Rambur)

Australian Emerald (Hemicordulia australiae)

Distribution:

New Zealand: Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; South Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

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The Australian Emerald is actually an Australian species that has colonized the New Zealand main islands only in the 20th century, with the first breeding records dating from 1934.

The species is suspected to have displaced a New Zealand endemic dragonfly species, Gray’s Ranger Dragonfly (Procordulia grayi Selys), im some regions.

The Australian Emerald is known to prefer warm water – both, the North- as well as the South Island harbour several thermal springs including hot water streams arising from them, and indeed male Australian Emeralds have been observed patrolling over such streams carrying water that is in fact too hot to touch. Of course, the dragonflies do not lay their eggs in such extremely hot water.

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References:

[1] Milen Marinov: Further Knowledge of the Colonisation of the South Island, New Zealand by Hemicordulia australiae (Odonata: Corduliidae). The Weta 39: 17-28. 2010

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hemicordulia-australiae-mm

Photo: Dr. Milen Marinov; by courtesy of Dr. Milen Marinov

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edited: 23.02.2017; 24.12.2018

Peperomia blanda var. floribunda (Miq.) H. Huber

Peperomia blanda var. floribunda

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Rapa, Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai
Cook Islands: Aitutaki, ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Ma’uke, Miti’aro, Rarotonga
Fiji: Gau, Kadavu, Moala, Ovalau, Rotuma, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Waya
Gambier Islands: Agakauitai, Akamaru, Aukena, Kamaka, Makaroa, Mangareva, Manui, Mekiro, Taravai
Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, Ni’ihau, O’ahu
Marquesas: Fatu Hiva, Hiva Oa, Mohotani, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Huka, Ua Pou
New Zealand: Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)
Pitcairn Islands: Pitcairn Island
Samoa: Apolima, Manono, Namu’a, Nu’utele, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Huahine, Mai’ao, Maupiti, Me’eti’a, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Taha’a, Tahiti
Tonga
Tuamotu Archipelago: Makatea

local names:

aa-va – Hiva Oa, Tahuata / Marquesas
auvavaaina – Hiva Oa, Tahuata / Marquesas
iupito – Rurutu / Austral Islands
nohoau – Tahiti / Society Islands
o’a – Rurutu / Austral Islands
pakii – Akamaru, Aukena, Mangareva / Gambier Islands
patoa – Tahiti / Society Islands
pikimato – Aitutaki, ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Ma’uke, Miti’aro, Rarotonga / Cook Islands
piripapa – Maupiti / Society Islands
pua pua marino – Taravai / Gambier Islands
kavai – Hiva Oa, Tahuata / Marquesas
kavaliki – Rapa / Austral Islands
kawa kawa iki – Nuku Hiva / Marquesas
vaianu ma’atea – Makatea / Tuamotu Archipelago
vao vai (?) – Samoa

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peperomia-b-v-floribunda-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com