Tag Archives: Poaceae

Eragrostis fosbergii Whitney

Eragrostis fosbergii

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: O’ahu

local names: –

Advertisements

Puccinellia antipoda (Petrie) Allan & Jansen

Puccinellia antipoda

Distribution:

New Zealand: Antipodes Islands

local names: –

Schizostachyum glaucifolium (Rupr.) Munro

Schizostachyum glaucifolium

Distribution:

Fiji: Moala, Ovalau, Rotuma, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Samoa: ‘Aunu’u, Nu’ulua, Nu’utele, Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, ‘Upolu

local names:

bitu – Fiji
bitu dina – Fiji
bitu kau – Fiji
bitu ni viti – Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 1. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1979

Cenchrus agrimonioides Trin.

Cenchrus agrimonioides

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kure (ex), Lana’i, Laysan (ex), Maui, Moloka’i, Midway (ex), O’ahu

local names: –

kamanomano – Hawai’i Islands
kumanomano – Hawai’i Islands

~~~

The extinct populations that formerly occurred on some of the northwestern islands (Kure, Laysan, Midway) are sometimes regarded to as a distinct variety, Cenchrus agrimonioides var. laysanensis F. Br..

*********************

edited: 23.06.2017

Digitaria stenotaphrodes (Nees ex Steud.) Stapf

Digitaria stenotaphrodes

Distribution:

Cook Islands: Pukapuka, Suwarrow
Society Islands: Tetiaroa
Tuamotu Archipelago: Anaa, Arutua, Faaite, Fakarava, Fangatau, Hao, Makatea, Makemo, Manihi, Nengonengo, Niau, Rangiroa, Raroia, Takapoto, Takume, Tenararo, Tikehau, Tureia
Tuvalu (?)

local names:

vayavaya – Pukapuka / Cook Islands

*********************

edited: 10.04.2019

Deschampsia caespitosa (L.) P. Beauv.

Deschampsia caespitosa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Island, Pitt Island (Chatham Islands); North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

Panicum pellitum Trin.

Panicum pellitum

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Ka’ula, Lana’i, Lehua, Maui, Ni’ihau

local names: –

*********************

panicum-pellitum-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

*********************

edited:

05.02.2017

Festuca matthewsii (Hack.) Cheeseman

Festuca matthewsii

Distribution:

New Zealand: South Island

local names: –

~~~

Festuca matthewsii ssp. aquilonia Connor
Festuca matthewsii ssp. latifundii Connor
Festuca matthewsii ssp. matthewsii (Hack.) Cheeseman
Festuca matthewsii ssp. isamontis Connor

Imperata conferta (Presl) Ohwi

Imperata conferta

Distribution:

Fiji: Gau, Kadavu, Koro, Lakeba, Matuku, Moala, Moturiki, Ovalau, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Wakaya, Waya, Yanuca
Samoa: Ofu, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila
Tonga: ‘Eua, Niuafo’ou, Tafahi
Wallis & Futuna: Futuna, ‘Uvea

local names:

gi – Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 1. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1979

Chrysopogon aciculatus (Retz.) Trin.

Chrysopogon aciculatus

Distribution:

Cook Islands: Aitutaki, ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Ma’uke, Miti’aro, Rarotonga
Fiji: Batiki, Beqa, Gau, Kanacea, Koro, Mago, Matuku, Moala, Moturiki, Rotuma, Taveuni, Totoya, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Vatulele, Viti Levu
Hawai’i Islands: Kaua’i, Lana’i, West-Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu
Samoa: ‘Aunu’u, Namu’a, Ta’u, Tutuila
Tokelau: Olohega
Tonga: ‘Eua, Niuafo’ou

local names:

kase – Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 1. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1979

Cenchrus caliculatus Cav.

Cenchrus caliculatus

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Rapa
Cook Islands: Miti’aro, Rarotonga
Fiji: Batiki, Fulaga, Gau, Kabara, Koro, Mago, Matuku, Nairai, Ovalau, Taveuni, Totoya, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Vatulele, Viti Levu, Wakaya
Gambier Islands: Aukena, Mangareva, Manui, Motu Teiku
Marquesas: Eiao, Fatu Hiva, Nuku Hiva
New Zealand: Raoul Island (Kermadec-Inseln)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island (ex)
Samoa: Savai’i (ex), Tutuila (ex), ‘Upolu (ex)
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Huahine, Mai’ao, Maupiti, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Tahiti
Tonga: ‘Eua, Nomuka, Tofua, ‘Uta Vava’u
Tuamotu Archipelago: Makatea

local names:

parango maori (?) – Miti’aro / Cook Islands
piripiri – Society Islands

Lophaterum gracile Brongn.

Lophaterum gracile

Distribution:

Society Islands: Ra’iatea, Taha’a

local names: –

~~~

This is one of several grass species that show a strange distribution pattern, it occus in parts of Asia as well as in Micronesia, and also in Polynesia, where it, however, is restricted to the islands of Ra’iatea and Taha’a.

The species is restricted to higher elevations. [1][2]

*********************

References:

[1] Dr. Jean-Yves Meyer; Ravahere Taputuarai: Rapport de mission à Tahaa (Iles Sous le Vent, archipel de la Société) du 02 Au 04 Mai 2006: Description de la flore et de la végétation du mont Ohiri. Délégation à la Recherche/Institut Louis Malardé 2006
[2] Frédéric Jacq; Jean-François Butaud: : Guide floristique: Plateaux Te Mehani. DIREN, Papeete, Polynésie française 2010

Lachnagrostis billardierei (R. Br.) Trin.

Lachnagrostis billardierei

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

~~~

Lachnagrostis billardierei ssp. billardierei (R. Br.) Trin.
Lachnagrostis billardierei ssp. tenuiseta (D. Morris) S. W. L. Jacobs

Dinebra marquisensis (F. Br.) P. M. Peterson & N. Snow

Dinebra marquisensis

Distribution:

Marquesas: Fatu Hiva, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Huka, Ua Pou

local names:

*********************

References:

[1] Paul M. Peterson; Konstantin Romaschenko; Neil Snow; Gabriel Johnson: A molecular phylogeny and classification of Leptochloa (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Chlorideae) sensu lato and related gener. Annals of Botany 109: 1317-1329. 2012

Anthosachne kingiana (Endl.) Govaerts

Anthosachne kingiana

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island, Phillip Island

local names: –

~~~

ssp. kingiana (Endl.) Govaerts
ssp. multiflora (Banks & Sol. ex Hook. f.) Govaerts

Eragrostis variabilis (Gaudich.) Steud.

Eragrostis variabilis

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Kaua’i, Kure, Lana’i, Laysan, Lehua, Lisianski, Maui, Midway, Moloka’i, Nihoa, Ni’ihau, O’ahu, Pearl and Hermes

local names:

’emoloa – Hawai’i Islands
kalamalo – Hawai’i Islands
kawelu – Hawai’i Islands

Lachnagrostis filiformis (G. Forst.) Trin.

Lachnagrostis filiformis

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu
New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island
Rapa Nui: Motu Nui, Rapa Nui

local names: –

*********************

lachnagrostis-filiformis-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

*********************

edited:

05.02.2017

Rytidosperma australe (Petrie) Connor & Edgar

Rytidosperma australe

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

Poa tennantiana Petrie

Poa tennantiana

Distribution:

New Zealand: Ewing Island (Auckland Islands); Snares Islands; Stewart Island; Betsy Island, Big Island, Chimneys Island, Kundy Island, Poutama Island, Putauhina Island (Titi Islands)

local names: –

Cyrtococcum oxyphyllum (Hochst. ex Steudel) Stapf

Cyrtococcum oxyphyllum

Distribution:

Fiji: Batiki, Gau, Kadavu, Koro, Mago, Matuku, Moala, Moturiki, Naitaba, Ovalau, Totoya, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Waya
Tonga: Tongatapu

local names:

covatu – Fiji
osalasala – Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 1. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1979

Lepturus repens (J. R. Forst.) R. Br.

Lepturus repens

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Maria, Raivavae, Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai
Cook Islands: ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Manihiki, Manuae, Ma’uke, Miti’aro, Nassau, Palmerston, Pukapuka, Rakahanga, Rarotonga, Suwarrow, Takutea, Tongareva
Fiji: Aiwa, Batiki, Fulaga, Gau, Kabara, Kadavu, Kanacea, Koro, Mago, Matuku, Nasoata, Nayau, Nukulau, Ovalau, Rotuma, Taveuni, Toberua, Totoya, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Vatulele, Viti Levu
Gambier Islands: Agakauitai, Aukena, Akamaru, Kamaka, Mangareva, Taravai
Hawai’i Islands: French Frigate Shoals, Kure, Laysan, Lehua, Lisianski, Midway, Pearl and Hermes Reef
Kiribati: Abariringa, Baker Island, Enderbury Island, Flint Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Karoraina, Kiritimati, Manra, McKean Island, Nikumaroro, Orona, Palmyra Atoll, Starbuck Island, Tabuaeran, Teraina
New Zealand: North Chanter Island (Kermadec Islands)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island
Pitcairn Islands: Henderson Island, Oeno, Pitcairn Island
Samoa: ‘Aunu’u, Fanuatapu, Namu’a, Nu’ulua, Nu’utele, Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Huahine, Mai’ao, Manuae, Maupiti, Me’eti’a, Mo’orea, Mopelia, Ra’iatea, Taha’a, Tahiti, Tetiaroa, Tupai
Tokelau: Atafu, Fakaofo, Nukunonu, Olohega
Tonga: ‘Ata, ‘Eua, Makaha’a, Manima, Maninita, Monuafe, Oneata, Polo’a, Tongatapu, Velitoa Hihifo
Tuamotu Archipelago: Anaa, Makatea, Matureivavao, Niau, Nukutepipi, Rangiroa, Raroia, Takapoto, Takume, Tenararo, Tenarunga, Tepoto Nord, Tikehau, Toau, Vahanga, Vanavana
Tuvalu: Funafuti, Niutao, Nui, Vaitupu
Wallis & Futuna: Alofi, Futuna, ‘Uvea

local names: –

Chionochloa conspicua (G. Forst.) Zotov

Chionochloa conspicua

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

Chionochloa conspicua ssp. conspicua (G. Forst.) Zotov
Chionochloa conspicua ssp. cunninghamii (Hook. f.) Zotov

Panicum xerophilum (Hillebr.) Hitchc.

Panicum xerophilum

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, Ni’ihau, O’ahu

local names: –

*********************

panicum-xerophilum-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

*********************

edited:

05.02.2017

Dichelachne crinita (L. f.) Hook. f.

Dichelachne crinita

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands); Kapiti Island; Kermadec Islands; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island; Womens Island (Titi Islands)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island
Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui

local names:

patiti – New Zealand

Dichanthelium hillebrandianum (Hitchc.) C. A. Clark & Gould

Dichanthelium hillebrandianum

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Maui, Moloka’i

local names: –

Rytidosperma biannulare (Zotov) Connor & Edgar

Rytidosperma biannulare

Distribution:

New Zealand: D’Urville Island; Great Barrier Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island

local names: –

Festuca novae-zelandiae (Hack.) Cockayne

Festuca novae-zelandiae

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –