Tag Archives: Orchid family

Thelymitra pulchella Hook. f.

Beautiful Sun Orchid (Thelymitra pulchella)

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Ulva Island

local names: –

Dendrobium sladei J. J. Wood & P. J. Cribb

Dendrobium sladei

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu
Samoa: Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Dendrobium carnicarinum Kores

Dendrobium carnicarinum

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu

local names: –

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This species is endemic to the Fijian Islands, where it is known only from the type collection, which was made in the year 1966 on the island of Viti Levu. [1]

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Platylepis heteromorpha Rchb. f.

Platylepis heteromorpha

Distribution:

Fiji
Samoa: Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu

local names: –

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This species occurs on the Samoan Islands and probably on Fiji as well.

Bulbophyllum clandestinum Lindl.

Bulbophyllum clandestinum

Distribution:

Fiji: Vanua Levu, Viti Levu

local names: –

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This species is widespread in the Old World Tropics, occuring from southeastern Asia to Fiji, where it, however, appears to be rather rare. [1]

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Phreatia matthewsii Rchb.f.

Phreatia matthewsii

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu
Niue
Samoa: Apolima, Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Tahiti
Tonga: Tafahi

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

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phreatia-matthewsii-tt

Photo: Tavita Togia
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/tavita_togia2016

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Nervilia concolor (Blume) Schltr.

Unicoloured Nervilia (Nervilia concolor)

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Tubuai
Cook Islands: ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Ma’uke, Miti’aro
Fiji: Ovalau, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Niue
Samoa: Ofu, Savai’i, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Mai’ao, Mo’orea, Taha’a, Tahiti, Tetiaroa
Tuamotu Archipelago: Anaa, Makatea, Motutunga, Niau, Takapoto, Tikehau
Wallis & Futuna: Alofi

local names:

lautaha – Niue
pia rautahi – Austral Islands; Society Islands
pia rau-ta’i – ‘Atiu / Cook Islands
pia ruatahi – Austral Islands
pua rautahi – Austral Islands; Society Islands

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This species occurs from Southeast Asia into Polynesia, where it can be found on Fiji, Niue, Samoa, Wallis and Futuna, as well as on the Austral-, the Cook-, and the Society Islands, and even on some of the atolls of the Tuamotu Archipelago. [1][2][3][4]

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The species is perhaps better known by the synonym Nervilia aragoana Gaudich..

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References:

[1] T. G. Yuncker: The flora of Niue. Bishop Museum Bulletin 178: 1-126. 1943
[2] T. G. Yuncker: Plants of Tonga. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283. 1959
[3] Harold St. John; Albert C. Smith: The Vascular Plants of the Horne and Wallis Islands. Pacific Science 25(3): 313-348. 1971
[4] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

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nervilia-concolor-rt

Photo: Ravahere Taputuarai; by courtesy of Ravahere Taputuarai

http://moorea.berkeley.edu/content/rava-taputuarai

Dendrobium dactylodes Rchb. f.

Dendrobium dactylodes

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu
Samoa: Apolima, ‘Aunu’u, Namu’a, Nu’utele, Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Tonga: Tafahi

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Corybas rivularis (A. Cunn.) Rchb. f.

Corybas rivularis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island

local names: –

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This species may be conspecific with the insufficiently known ‘Nematoceras’ panduratum (Cheeseman) Molloy, D. L. Jones & M. A. Clem., furthermore it contains at least four tag-named forms, which may be distinct species.

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corybas-rivularis-mw

Photo: Matt Ward
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/mattward

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Peristylus maculifer (C. Schweinf.) Renz & Vodonaivalu

Peristylus maculifer

Distribution:

Fiji: Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Didymoplexis micradenia (Rchb. f.) Hemsl.

Didymoplexis micradenia

Distribution:

Fiji: Kadavu, Nayau, Ovalau, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Niue
Samoa: Nu’utele, Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Tonga: Tongatapu
Wallis & Futuna: Alofi, ‘Uvea

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

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didymoplexis-micradenia-tt

Photo: Tavita Togia
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/tavita_togia2016

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Spathoglottis pacifica Rchb. f. in B. Seemann

Pacific Ground Orchid (Spathoglottis pacifica)

Distribution:

Fiji: Kadavu, Lakeba, Matuku, Moturiki, Rotuma, Taveuni, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Waya
Samoa: ‘Upolu
Tonga: ‘Eua, Tongatapu, ‘Uta Vava’u
Wallis & Futuna: Futuna, ‘Uvea

local names:

kalae – Futuna / Wallis & Futuna
kalae se’ekukula – Futuna / Wallis & Futuna
lave’ i moa – Tonga
varavara – Fiji
vavara – Fiji

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References:

[1] T. G. Yuncker: Plants of Tonga. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283. 1959
[2] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

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spathoglottis-pacifica-nick-hobgood

Photo: Nick Hobgood

(under creative commons license (2.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0

Bulbophyllum simmondsii Kores

Bulbophyllum simmondsii

Distribution:

Fiji: Vanua Levu, Viti Levu

local names: –

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This species is endemic to Fiji, where it is known from the two largest islands, Vanua Levu and Viti Levu. [1]

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Phaius tankervilleae (Banks) Blume

Phaius tankervilleae

Distribution:

Cook Islands: Mangaia, Rarotonga
Fiji: Gau, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Niue
Samoa: Ofu (?), Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, ‘Upolu
Tonga: ‘Eua, Niuafo’ou, Tofua
Wallis & Futuna: ‘Uvea

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Octarrhena oberonioides (Schltr.) Schltr.

Octarrhena oberonioides

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu

local names: –

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This species is mainly distributed in New Caledonia, it occurs in Fiji as well, where it appears to be quite rare. [1]

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Corybas acuminatus M. A. Clements & Hatch

Corybas acuminatus

Distribution:

New Zealand: Auckland Island (Auckland Islands); Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Ulva Island

local names: –

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corybas-acuminatus-mw

Photo: Matt Ward
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/mattward

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Pterostylis montana Hatch

Pterostylis montana

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Ulva Island

local names: –

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This ‘species’ is actually a species complex, consisting of several very similar species which still await their scientific description.

Corybas oblongus (Hook. f.) Rchb. f.

Corybas oblongus

Distribution:

New Zealand: Auckland Island (Auckland Islands); Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Ulva Island

local names: –

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This species is in need of a revision, it may contain several distinct species.

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corybas-oblongus-e-t

Depiction from: ‘J. D. Hooker: The botany of the Antarctic voyage of H.M. discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the Years 1839-1843: under the command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross. London: Reeve Brothers 1844-1860’

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org

Oberonia equitans (G. Forst.) Mutel

Oberonia equitans

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Rapa, Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai
Cook Islands: Mangaia, Rarotonga
Fiji: Ovalau, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Niue
Samoa: Namu’a, Nu’utele, Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Huahine, Maupiti, Me’eti’a, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Taha’a, Tahiti
Tonga
Tuamotu Archipelago: Makatea
Wallis & Futuna: Alofi, Futuna, ‘Uvea

local names:

hoe – Austral Islands
rima rima – Society Islands

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References:

[1] Phillip Cribb; W. Arthur Whistler: Orchids of Samoa. Kew Publishing 1996
[2] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

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oberonia-equitans-rt

Photo: Ravahere Taputuarai

(under creative commons licence (3.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Eria rostriflora Rchb. f.

Eria rostriflora

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Tubuai
Fiji: Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Samoa: Savai’i, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Huahine, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Taha’a, Tahiti

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Bulbophyllum hexarhopalon Schltr.

Bulbophyllum hexarhopalon

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu

local names: –

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This species occurs in parts of Melanesia, including New Guinea, it is known from the Fijian Islands from a single collection. [1]

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Bulbophyllum samoanum Schltr.

Bulbophyllum samoanum

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu
Samoa: Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu

local names: –

~~~

This species occurs in parts of Melanesia, and on the Fijian Islands, where it appears to be rare, while it is quite common on the Samoan Islands. [1]

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

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bulbophyllum-samoanum-tt

Photo: Tavita Togia
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/tavita_togia2016

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Liparis hawaiensis H. Mann

Hawai’i Widelip Orchid (Liparis hawaiensis)

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu

local names:

awapuhiakanaloa – Hawai’i Islands

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This very inconspicuous plant is one of only three truly native orchid species of the Hawaiian Islands, where it is known to occur on all of the larger islands.

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liparis-hawaiensis-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Corybas macranthus (Hook. f.) Rchb. f.

Corybas macranthus

Distribution:

New Zealand: Auckland Island (Auckland Islands) Campbell Islands; Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Ulva Island

local names: –

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corybas-macranthus-e-t

Depiction from: ‘J. D. Hooker: The botany of the Antarctic voyage of H.M. discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the Years 1839-1843: under the command of Captain Sir James Clark Ross. London: Reeve Brothers 1844-1860’

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org