Tag Archives: North Island

Carex strictissima (Kük.) K. A. Ford

Carex strictissima

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae DC.

Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

This species may in fact be a species aggregate.

There are two varieties, the nominate variety, and Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae var. montana Kirk.

Asplenium trichomanes L.

Asplenium trichomanes

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Maui
New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

~~~

Three subspecies are known to occur within the Polynesian region, of which only one is endemic.

The nominate race occurs in Australia and on New Zealand’s North- and South Islands, the subspecies Asplenium trichomanes ssp. densum (Brack.) W. H. Wagner is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, while the subspecies Asplenium trichomanes ssp. quadrivalens Meyer, which is native to Australia and Europe, is known from a few population on New Zealand’s North Island.

Epilobium pallidiflorum A. Cunn.

Epilobium pallidiflorum

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Veronica pubescens Benth.

Coromandel Koromiko (Veronica pubescens)

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Little Barrier Island; Mokohinau Islands; North Island; Pakihi Island; Rotoroa Island

local names:

koromiko – New Zealand

~~~

This hebe species grows as an up to 2 m tall shrub and has light – to bright violet flowers.

The Coromandel Koromiko is often associated with pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa Sol. ex Gaertn.) forest, but is also commonly found at open places.

The species contains three subspecies: the nominate form occurs on the Coromandel Peninsula, North Island and some of its offshore islands like Pakihi- and Rotoroa Island; Veronica pubescens ssp. rehuarum (Bayly & de Lange) Garn.-Jones is endemic to Great Barrier Island; Veronica pubescens ssp. sejuncta (Bayly & de Lange) Garn.-Jones occurs on Great Barrier-, Little Barrier Island, and on the Mokohinau Islands.

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Veronica pubescens ssp. rehuarum

Photo: Jack Warden
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/jack4

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Thelymitra pulchella Hook. f.

Beautiful Sun Orchid (Thelymitra pulchella)

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Ulva Island

local names: –

Veronica corriganii (Carse) Garn.-Jones

Veronica corriganii

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

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Photo: Leon Perrie
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/leonperrie

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 07.02.2018

Leptinella squalida Hook. f.

Leptinella squalida

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

Leptinella squalida ssp. mediana (D. G. Lloyd) D. G. Lloyd & C. J. Webb

Coprosma macrocarpa Cheeseman

Coprosma macrocarpa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island; Three Kings Islands

local names: –

~~~

Two subspecies, the nominate confined to the Three Kings Islands, the other subspecies, Coprosma macrocarpa ssp. minor R. O. Gardner & Heads ex A. Druce (see photo), to northern North Island and its offshore islands.

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Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

Doodia aspera R. Br.

Doodia aspera

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island (ex)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

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References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

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edited: 03.02.2018

Coprosma wallii Petrie

Coprosma wallii

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

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Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Veronica hookeriana Walp.

Veronica hookeriana

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

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Photo: Shirley Kerr
http://inaturalist.ca/people/shirleykerr

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Mentha cunninghamii Benth.

Mentha cunninghamii

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names:

hioi – New Zealand

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Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Coprosma rhamnoides A. Cunn.

Coprosma rhamnoides

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Little Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Veronica calycina R. Br.

Veronica calycina

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

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Photo: Reiner Richter
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/reiner

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 05.02.2018

Calystegia tuguriorum (G. Forst.) Hook. f.

Calystegia tuguriorum

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Cuvier Island; Great Barrier Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Three Kings Islands; Womens Island (Titi Islands)

local names: –

Fimbristylis squarrosa var. esquarrosa Makino

Fimbristylis squarrosa var. esquarrosa

Distribution:

Fiji: Vanua Levu
New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island

local names: –

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References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 1. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1979

Gingidia montana (J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) J. W. Dawson

Gingidia montana

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

~~~

This species is known to naturally hybridize on the South Island with Gingidia decipiens (Hook. f.) J. W. Dawson, Gingidia enysii (Kirk) J. W. Dawson, and Gingidia trifoliolata (Hook. f.) J. W. Dawson.

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Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Coprosma depressa Colenso ex Hook. f.

Coprosma depressa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Putauhina Island (Titi Islands)

local names: –

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Photo: Alice Shanks
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/alice_shanks

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Antipodochlora braueri Selys

Dusk Dragonfly (Antipodochlora braueri)

The Dusk Dragonfly was described in the year 1871, it is the sole member of its genus.

The species is endemic to New Zealand, both the larvae as well as the adult individuals are specialized forest dwellers, being widely distributed in various types of native forest.

The peak activity occurs in the few hours before dusk (hence its trivial name), at higher elevations, however, the species is active over a longer period of the day. [1]

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References:

[1] W. J. Winstanley: A preliminary account of the habitat of Antipodochlora braueri (Odonata: Corduliidae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 7(2): 141-148. 1980

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Photo: Dr. Milen Marinov; by courtesy of Dr. Milen Marinov

Leiopelma archeyi Turbott

Archey’s Frog (Leiopelma archeyi)

Archey’s Frog is the smallest of the seven known (four living and three extinct) species from the New Zealand Frog family (Leiopelmatidae), a family of very primitive frogs endemic to New Zealand.

The reproduction in all species within this family is fully terrestrial, the young hatch from the eggs as fully developed, yet still tailed froglets, which crawl onto the back of their father to be carried around for several weeks.

The females are about 3,7 cm in total length, while the males are slightly smaller at 3,1 cm.

Archey’s Frog is known from two disjunct locations on New Zealand’s North Island. But as in many other amphibian species all over the world, the populations of this species are rapidly declining, and it is now at significant risk of imminent extinction.

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Photo: Dr. Paddy Ryan; by courtesy of Dr. Paddy Ryan

http://www.ryanphotographic.com

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edited: 26.08.2015

Coprosma robusta Raoul

Coprosma robusta

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Tatapihi Island (Mokohinau Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island, Archway Island (Poor Knights Islands); Rangitoto Island; South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

karamu – New Zealand

Dianella nigra Colenso

Dianella nigra

Distribution:

New Zealand: Cuvier Island; Great Barrier Island; Goat Island; Kapiti Island; Little Barrier Island; North Island; Pakihi Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Great Island (Three Kings Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

plant:

piopio – New Zealand
turutu – New Zealand

plant parts:

pepepe – New Zealand (fruit)
reua – New Zealand (fruit)

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References:

[1] P. B. Heenan; P. J. de Lange: Two new species of Dianella (Hemerocallidaceae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 45: 269-285. 2007

Luzula banksiana Meyer

Luzula banksiana

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Kapiti Island; North Island; Big Solander Island (Solander Islands); South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

This species contains five varieties, which probably occur all over New Zealand.:

Luzula banksiana var. acra Edgar
Luzula banksiana var. banksiana
Luzula banksiana var. migrata (Buch.) Edgar
Luzula banksiana var. orina Edgar
Luzula banksiana var. rhadina (Buch.) Edgar

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Photo: Matt Ward
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/mattward

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 01.02.2018

Austrolestes colensonis White

New Zealand Blue Damselfly (Austrolestes colensonis)

The New Zealand Blue Damselfly, known by the Maori as kekewai, is a common species of small ditches, ponds, and swamps, its larvae are able to inhabit even shallow and temporary water bodies.

The species is capable of changing its coloration to aid thermoregulation, so it turns darker in cold weather and lighter in sunshine. [1]

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References:

[1] W. Joy Crumpton: Notes on occurrence of Odonata in Canterbury and Westland (New Zealand). The New Zealand Entomologist 6(3): 302-304. 1977

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Photo: Dr. Milen Marinov; by courtesy of Dr. Milen Marinov

Alectryon excelsus Gaertn.

Alectryon excelsus

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Great Island, West Island (Three Kings Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island

local name:

titoki – New Zealand

~~~

Alectryon excelsus ssp. grandis (Cheeseman) de Lange & E. K. Cameron – Great Island, West Island (Three Kings Islands)

Veronica lanceolata Benth.

Veronica lanceolata

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

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Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

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edited: 07.02.2018

Haloragis erecta (Murray) Oken

Haloragis erecta

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Tubuai
New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Kermadec Islands; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island; Womens Island (Titi Islands)

local names:

toatoa – New Zealand

~~~

The nominate subspecies, Haloragis erecta ssp. erecta (Murray) Oken, is widely distributed over New Zealand, while the subspecies Haloragis erecta ssp. cartilaginea (Cheeseman) Orchard is endemic to the Surville Cliffs in the far north of New Zealand’s North Island.

~~~

The species obviously occurs also on Raivavae and Tubuai in the Austral Archipelago. [1][2][3]

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References:

[1] H. St. John: Notes on Eugenia (Myrtaceae) and Haloragis (Haloragaceae) from southeastern Polynesia. Pacific Plant Studies 34. Phytologia 37(5): 441-442. 1977
[2] Jean-Yves Meyer: Rapport de mission de l’expédition scientifique à Raivavae et Rapa (Australes) du 18 Novembre au 20 Décembre 2002. Délégation à la Recherche, Papeete 2002
[3] Jean-Yves Meyer: Rapa, îles Australes: guide de la flore indigène et endémique. Direction de l’Environnement, Délégation à la Recherche: STPmultipress, Papeete 2011

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Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

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edited: 22.08.2017

Epilobium macropus Hook. f.

Epilobium macropus

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

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Photo: Mike Lusk
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/mike68lusk

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 20.08.2017

 

Luzula rufa Edgar

Luzula rufa

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

~~~

This species contains two varieties, the nominate and the var. albicomans Edgar.

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Photo: Peter Sweetapple
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/peter_sweetapple

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 01.02.2018

Coprosma acerosa A. Cunn.

Coprosma acerosa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names:

mingimingi – New Zealand

~~~

This species is known to hybridize with other Coprosma spp., for example with Coprosma propinqua var. martinii W. R. B. Oliv., or with Coprosma repens A. Rich., the last hybrid is known as Coprosma x kirkii.

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Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
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Veronica jovellanoides Garn.-Jones & de Lange

Veronica jovellanoides

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

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Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

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edited: 07.02.2018

Wahlenbergia pygmaea Colenso

Wahlenbergia pygmaea

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

~~~

This species is endemic to mountainous areas of New Zealand’s North Island, where it occurs with three separable subspecies, Wahlenbergia pygmaea ssp. drucei J. A. Petterson, Wahlenbergia pygmaea ssp. pygmaea Colenso and Wahlenbergia pygmaea ssp. tararua J. A. Petterson. [1]

~~~

The species appears to be genetically inseparable from Wahlenbergia albomarginata Hook., whose species epithet has priority. [2]

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References:

[1] Judith A. Petterson: Revision of the genus Wahlenbergia (Campanulaceae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 35: 9-54. 1997
[2] Jessica M. Prebble; Heidi M. Meudt; Phil J. Garnock-Jones: An expanded molecular phylogeny of the southern bluebells (Wahlenbergia, Campanulaceae) from Australia and New Zealand. Australian Systematic Botany 25: 11-30. 2012

Lobelia anceps L. f.

Lobelia anceps

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa
New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names:

punakuru – New Zealand
purao – New Zealand
waewae-koukou – New Zealand

~~~

This species occurs from Australia to South Africa and South America, it is found in Polynesia.

Carex coriacea Hamlin

Carex coriacea

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

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Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Cranfillia vulcanica (Blume) Gasper & V. A. O. Dittrich

Cranfillia vulcanica

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa, Tubuai
Cook Islands: Rarotonga
Marquesas: Fatu Hiva, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Huka, Ua Pou
New Zealand: Chatham Islands; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island
Samoa: Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Huahine, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Taha’a, Tahiti
Tonga: Kao, Late, Niuafo’ou, Tofua

local names:

korokio – New Zealand

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References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

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Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 03.02.2018

Austroblechnum banksii (Hook. f.) Gasper & V. A. O. Dittrich

Austroblechnum banksii

Distribution:

New Zealand: Adams Island (Auckland Islands); North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

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References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

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Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 03.02.2018

Powelliphanta marchanti (Powell)

Marchant’s Predatory Snail (Powelliphanta marchanti)

This species is restricted to the western Ruahine Ranges on the North Island of New Zealand, where it can be found amongst leaf litter in native forest.

Like its congeners, also this is a carnivorous species that feeds upon invertebrates, preferably on earthworms.

~~~

Marchant’s Predatory Snail is in decline and highly endangered.

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Photo: V. Vercoe

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Parablechnum procerum (G. Forst.) C. Presl

Parablechnum procerum

Distribution:

Cook Islands: Rarotonga
New Zealand: Antipodes Islands; Adams Island, Auckland Island, Enderby Island (Auckland Islands); Campbell Island (Campbell Islands); Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); Rangitoto Island; Big Solander Island (Solander Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island; Putauhina Island (Titi Islands)
Samoa: Savai’i

local names:

kiokio – New Zealand

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References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

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edited: 03.02.2018

Carex pumila Thunb.

Carex pumila

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Veronica ligustrifolia A. Cunn.

Veronica ligustrifolia

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

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Photo: Leon Perrie
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/leonperrie

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 07.02.2018

Parablechnum triangularifolium (T. C. Chambers & P. A. Farrant) Gasper & Salino

Parablechnum triangularifolium

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Hen Island (Hen and Chicken Islands); North Island; South Island

local names:

kiokio – New Zealand

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References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

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Photo: Leon Perrie
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/leonperrie

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 02.03.2018

Zizina otis ssp. labradus (Godart)

Lesser Grass Blue (Zizina otis ssp. labradus)

The Lesser Grass Blue, a very small, blue butterfly with a wingspan of only about 1,5 cm, is a widely distributed species, that is still expanding its range, so for example the species has reached the Hawaiian Islands by 2008.

The formerly recognized subspecies ssp. cheesmanae (Poulton & Riley), ssp. mangoensis (Butler) are now obviously included in the ssp. labradus (Godart), which occurs in the Polynesian region and beyond, however, the taxonomical position of this species and its subspecies varies from author to author.

The caterpillars feed on a wide variety of legume species.

~~~

In Niue the species is called pepe lanu moana mama.

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References:

[1] John Adam Comstock: Lepidoptera of American Samoa with particular reference to biology and ecology. Pacific Insects Monographs 11: 1-74. 1966
[2] Jaqueline Y. Miller; Lee D. Miller: The Butterflies of the Tonga Islands and Niue, Cook Islands, with the Descriptions of two new subspecies. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 34: 1-24. 1993
[3] Karin S. Kami; Scott E. Miller: Samoan Insects and related Arthropods: Checklist and Bibliography. Bishop Museum Technical Report 13. 1998
[4] Brian Patrick; Hamish Patrick: Butterflies of Fiji. The Weta 24(1): 5-12. 2002
[5] Brian Patrick; Hamish Patrick: Butterflies of the South Pacific. Otago University Press 2012

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Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

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edited: 18.01.14

Carex inversa R. Br.

Carex inversa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

Austroblechnum membranaceum (Colenso ex Hook.) Gasper & W. A. O. Dittrich

Austroblechnum membranaceum

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

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References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

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edited: 03.02.2018

Geranium brevicaule Hook. f.

Geranium brevicaule

Distribution:

New Zealand: Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

This species is commonly found in cultivation, also in Botanical Gardens in Europe, where it is most oftenly kept under the name Geranium sessiliflorum ssp. novae-zelandiae Carolin.

There is a green-leaved – and a more or less bronze-leaved form (see photo).

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Photo: Alexander Lang

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edited: 18.09.2017

Coprosma colensoi Hook. f.

Coprosma colensoi

Distribution:

New Zealand: Kapiti Island; North Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

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Photo: Lloyd Esler
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/esler

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Dicranopteris linearis (Burm. f.) Underw.

Dicranopteris linearis

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Rapa, Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai
Cook Islands: ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Ma’uke, Rarotonga
Fiji: Lakeba, Nayau, Rotuma, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Gambier Islands: Agakauitai, Akamaru, Aukena, Kamaka, Mangareva, Taravai
Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu
Marquesas: Eiao, Fatu Hiva, Hiva Oa, Mohotani, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Huka, Ua Pou
New Zealand: North Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island
Pitcairn Islands: Pitcairn Island
Samoa: Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Huahine, Mai’ao, Maupiti, Moorea, Raiatea, Tahaa, Tahiti
Tonga: ‘Eua, Kao, Niuafo’ou, Tafahi, Tofua
Wallis & Futuna: Futuna, ‘Uvea

local names:

asaua – Samoa
tuanu’e – Mangaia, Ma’uke, Raraka / Cook Islands
tuenu’e – ‘Atiu / Cook Islands
uluhe – Hawai’i Islands

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Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

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edited: 10.04.2019

Geniostoma rupestre J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.

Geniostoma rupestre

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa, Rurutu (?)
Fiji: Fulaga, Gau, Kadavu, Koro, Lakeba, Nasoata, Nayau, Ovalau, Rotuma, Taveuni, Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Waya
Marquesas: Fatu Hiva, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Pou
New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Rangitoto Island; South Island; Manawa Tawhi Island, South West Island (Three Kings Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island
Niue
Pitcairn Islands: Henderson Island
Samoa: Fanuatapu, Namu’a, Nu’ulua, Nu’utele, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Mo’orea, Tahiti
Tonga: ‘Eua, Ha’apai, Kao, Motutapu, Onevai, Tafahi, Tofua, Tongatapu, ‘Uta Vava’u
Wallis & Futuna: Alofi, Futuna, ‘Uvea

local names:

age – Rurutu / Austral Islands
ange – Rapa / Austral Islands
faipuu – Society Islands
hangehange – New Zealand
taipoipoi – Samoa

~~~

The species is split into several varieties, of which at least four occur within the Polynesian region, Geniostoma rupestre var. crassum (Cheeseman) Conn (endemic to New Zealand), Geniostoma rupestre var. glaberrimum (Benth.) Conn (most parts of Polynesia, especially French Polynesia), the nominate Geniostoma rupestre var. rupestre (western Polynesia), and Geniostoma rupestre var. tongense (A. C. Sm. & Stone) Conn (Fiji, Niue and Tonga).

Many of these varieties include synonyms that formerly were treated as distinct species. [1]

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References:

[1] Barry J. Conn: A taxonomic revision of Geniostoma Subg. Geniostoma (Loganiaceae). Blumea 26: 245-364. 1980

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geniostoma-r-v-rupestre-tt

nominate variety

Photo: Tavita Togia
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/tavita_togia2016

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Potamogeton suboblongus Hagström

Potamogeton suboblongus

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

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potamogeton-suboblongus-rhw

Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Cheilanthes sieberi Kunze

Cheilanthes sieberi

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands); Kapiti Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Islands
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

Oligosoma alani (Robb)

Robust Skink (Oligosoma alani)

The Robust Skink, also known as Alan’s Skink, is probably the largest of New Zealand’s skinks.

The species was once common and widespread throughout New Zealand’s North Island, but is now confined to several of the offshore islands and islets.

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oligosoma-alani-dpr

Photo: Dr. Paddy Ryan; by courtesy of Dr. Paddy Ryan

http://www.ryanphotographic.com

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edited: 14.02.2017

Melicope ternata A. Cunn.

Melicope ternata

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands); Kapiti Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Carex virgata Sol. ex Boott

Carex virgata

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Deschampsia caespitosa (L.) P. Beauv.

Deschampsia caespitosa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Island, Pitt Island (Chatham Islands); North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

Coprosma obconica Kirk

Coprosma obconica

Distribution:

New Zealand: D’Urville Island; North Island; South Island

local names: –

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Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Veronica parviflora Vahl

Veronica parviflora

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island

local names: –

Utetheisa pulchelloides Hampson

Heliotrope Moth (Utetheisa pulchelloides)

This species occurs with several subspecies in many parts of the ‘Old World’ and has also colonized many island groups within the Indian – and the Pacific Ocean.

The subspecies occurring in Polynesia is Utetheisa pulchelloides ssp. marshallorum Rothschild (see photograph), it is found on the Fijian Islands, in Samoa and Tonga, in all parts of ‘French’ Polynesia up to the Pitcairn Islands.

The caterpillars of this species feed on the leaves of the beach heliotrope (Heliotropium foertherianum Diane & Hilger).

~~~

Another subspecies, Utetheisa pulchelloides ssp. vaga Jordan, regularly immigrates from Australia to New Zealand, where it has also already established temporary breeding colonies.

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References:

[1] R. H. Van Zwaluwenburg: The Insects of Canton Island. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 11(3): 300-312. 1943
[2] Alden D. Hinckley: Ecology of Terrestrial Arthropods on the Tokelau Atolls. Atoll Research Bulletin 124: 1-18. 1969
[3] Gaden S. Robinson: The Genus Utetheisa Hübner in Fiji with a description of a new species (Lepidoptera, Arctiidae). Entomologist’s Record and Journal of Variation 83: 123-130. 1971
[4] G. W. Gibbs: A temporary breeding colony of Utetheisa pulchelloides vaga in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 5(2): 162-163. 1973

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utetheisa-p-marshallorum-dhg

Photo: Donald H. Gudehus; by courtesy of Donald H. Gudehus

http://www.parfaitimage.com

Corybas rivularis (A. Cunn.) Rchb. f.

Corybas rivularis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island

local names: –

~~~

This species may be conspecific with the insufficiently known ‘Nematoceras’ panduratum (Cheeseman) Molloy, D. L. Jones & M. A. Clem., furthermore it contains at least four tag-named forms, which may be distinct species.

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corybas-rivularis-mw

Photo: Matt Ward
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/mattward

(under creative commons license (4.0))
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Vanessa gonerilla Fabricius

New Zealand Red Admiral (Vanessa gonerilla)

The New Zealand Red Admiral is an endemic species of New Zealand, it was formerly split into two subspecies, of which the nominate race was considered to occur on the New Zealand main islands.

The former subspecies of the Chatham Islands, however, is now treated as a distinct species, thus the New Zealand Red Admiral is a monotypic species. [1]

The species reaches a wingspan of about 5 to 6 cm.

The caterpillars feed on the leaves of the various native New Zealand nettle species, especially of Urtica ferox G. Forst., and Urtica incisa Poir..

~~~

The Maori name of this species is kahukura, which literally means “red cloak”.

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References:

[1] Brian Patrick; Hamish Patrick: Butterflies of the South Pacific. Otago University Press 2012

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vanessa-gonerilla-jm

Photo: Jon Sullivan
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/jon_sullivan

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 28.01.2017

Astelia solandri A. Cunn.

Astelia solandri

Distribution:

New Zealand:  Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Tawhiti Rahi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Rangitoto Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

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Photo: Leon Perrie
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/leonperrie

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 18.09.2017