Pritchardia remota Becc.

Pritchardia remota

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Nihoa

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Advertisements

Megalorrhipida leucodactyla (Fabricius)

White-footed Feather Moth (Megalorrhipida leucodactyla)

The White-footed Feather Moth has a pantropical distribution, that means it occurs in the tropics worldwide, thus it probably occurs naturally in some parts of Polynesia as well.

The caterpillars are not specialized to any host plant species and feed on a wide range of plants, including the widespread species Boerhavia albiflora Fosberg, Boerhavia repens L. and Boerhavia tetrandra G. Forst..

*********************

References:

[1] Koji Yano: Notes on South Pacific Pterophoridae (Lepidoptera). Pacific Insects 5(4): 849-871. 1963
[2] Karin S. Kami; Scott E. Miller: Samoan Insects and related Arthropods: Checklist and Bibliography.Bishop Museum Technical Report 13. 1998

*********************

megalorrhipida-leucodactyla-dh

Photo: Donald Hobern

(under creative commons license (2.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0

Heliotropium curassavicum L.

Heliotropium curassavicum

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: French Frigate Shoals, Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Kaua’i, Ka’ula, Lana’i, Laysan, Lehua, Maui, Moloka’i, Nihoa, Ni’ihau, O’ahu

local names:

kipukai – Hawai’i Islands
lau po’opo’ohina – Niihau / Hawai’i Islands
nena – Hawai’i Islands
po’opo’ohina – Niihau / Hawai’i Islands

********************

heliotropium-curassavicum-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Solanum americanum Mill.

Solanum americanum Mill.

Distribution:

Cook Islands: Aitutaki, ‘Atiu, Mangaia, Ma’uke, Miti’aro, Palmerston, Rakahanga, Rarotonga
Fiji: Fulaga, Kadavu, Rotuma, Taveuni, Viti Levu, Yageta
Hawai’i Islands (?): Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Kaua’i, Ka’ula, Kure, Lana’i, Laysan, Lehua, Lisianski, Maui, Midwayi, Moloka’i, Nihoa, Ni’ihau, O’ahu, Pearl and Hermes Reef
New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island, Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands), Kapiti Island, Kermadec Islands, North Island, Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands), South Island, Three Kings Islands, Tiritiri Matangi Island
Niue
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island, Phillip Island
Samoa: Fanuatapu (?), Nu’ulua (?), Ofu, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Tonga: Tongatapu

 

local names:

akari pipiro (?) – Rakahanga / Cook Islands
poporo– New Zealand
poroporo– Aitutaki, Mangaia, Rarotonga / Cook Islands; New Zealand
poroporo puaka– Ma’uke / Cook Islands
poro puaka– ‘Atiu, Mitiaro / Cook Islands
raupeti– New Zealand
remuroa– New Zealand

~~~

This species can be found in the tropical regions almost worldwide, though its native range probably comprises the coastal areas along the tropical Pacific of the Americas, Australia, Melanesia, and probably parts of Polynesia. [1]

The very variable species is about 1,5 m tall and bears small white flowers and glossy black berries.

*********************

References:

[1] Tiina Särkinen; Peter Poczai; Gloria E. Barboza; Gerard M. van der Weerden; Maria Baden; Sandra Knapp: A revision of the Old World Black Nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae). PhytoKeys 106: 1-223. 2018

*********************

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

*********************

edited: 25.09.2018

Eragrostis variabilis (Gaudich.) Steud.

Eragrostis variabilis

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Kaua’i, Kure, Lana’i, Laysan, Lehua, Lisianski, Maui, Midway, Moloka’i, Nihoa, Ni’ihau, O’ahu, Pearl and Hermes

local names:

’emoloa – Hawai’i Islands
kalamalo – Hawai’i Islands
kawelu – Hawai’i Islands

Bryania bipunctata Aldrich

Nihoa Two-spotted Asteriid Fly (Bryania bipunctata)

This species, which obviously occurs exclusively on the island of Nihoa, was described in the year 1931 on the basis of two female specimens.

The animals reach a length of about 0,16 cm.

~~~

The genus is monotypic, and the species is only distantly related to the other Hawaiian members of the family Asteiidae.

*********************

References:

[1] J. M. Aldrich: New Acalytrate Diptera from the Pacific and Oriental Regions. Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 7(3): 395-399. 1931
[2] Patrick M. O´Grady; Karl Nicholas Magnacca: Studies in Hawaiian Diptera I: New Distributional Records for Endemic Asteia (Asteiidae). Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e1010. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.2.e1010

Euphorbia celastroides Boiss.

Euphorbia celastroides

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Ka’ula, Kaho’olawe, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, Nihoa, Ni’ihau, O’ahu

local names: –

~~~

Euphorbia celastroides var. amplectens Sherff
Euphorbia celastroides var. celastroides Boiss.
Euphorbia celastroides var. hanapepensis Sherff
Euphorbia celastroides var. kaenana Sherff
Euphorbia celastroides var. laehiensis O. Deg., I. Deg. & Sherff
Euphorbia celastroides var. lorifolia (A. Gray) Sherff
Euphorbia celastroides var. stokesii (C. N. Forbes) Sherff
Euphorbia celastroides var. tomentella (Boiss.) Oudejans

*********************

euphorbia-c-v-stokesii-fks

Euphorbia celastroides var. stokesii

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

*********************

edited:

05.02.2017