Tag Archives: New Zealand

Carex strictissima (Kük.) K. A. Ford

Carex strictissima

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

Disphyma clavellatum (Haw.) Chinnock

Disphyma clavellatum

Distribution:

New Zealand: South Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae DC.

Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

This species may in fact be a species aggregate.

There are two varieties, the nominate variety, and Hydrocotyle novae-zeelandiae var. montana Kirk.

Veronica poppelwellii Cockayne

Veronica poppelwellii

Distribution:

New Zealand: South Island

local names: –

Asplenium trichomanes L.

Asplenium trichomanes

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Maui
New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

~~~

Three subspecies are known to occur within the Polynesian region, of which only one is endemic.

The nominate race occurs in Australia and on New Zealand’s North- and South Islands, the subspecies Asplenium trichomanes ssp. densum (Brack.) W. H. Wagner is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, while the subspecies Asplenium trichomanes ssp. quadrivalens Meyer, which is native to Australia and Europe, is known from a few population on New Zealand’s North Island.

Epilobium pallidiflorum A. Cunn.

Epilobium pallidiflorum

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Powelliphanta augusta Walker, Trewick & Barker

Mount Augustus Predatory Snail (Powelliphanta augusta)

This species was described in 2008, it was until then known under the tag name Powelliphanta “Augustus”. [1]

The Mount Augustus Predatory Snail was discovered in 1996 at the ridgeline of Mt. Augustus northeast of Westport.

This locality was subsequently destroyed by mining operations, and about 6000 snails were taken from the locality in 2007 to protect them from the mine development. The ca. 4000 snails that were released to nearby sites showed an alarmingly high mortality rate, and 800 were even killed accidently by the Department of Conservation in a fridge during a captive program in 2011.

*********************

References:

[1] Steven A. Trewick; Kath J. Walker; Corina J. Jordan: Taxonomic and conservation status of a newly discovered giant landsnail from Mount Augustus, New Zealand. Conservation Genetics 9(6): 1563-1575. 2008

*********************

Photo: K. J. Walker

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Veronica pubescens Benth.

Coromandel Koromiko (Veronica pubescens)

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Little Barrier Island; Mokohinau Islands; North Island; Pakihi Island; Rotoroa Island

local names:

koromiko – New Zealand

~~~

This hebe species grows as an up to 2 m tall shrub and has light – to bright violet flowers.

The Coromandel Koromiko is often associated with pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa Sol. ex Gaertn.) forest, but is also commonly found at open places.

The species contains three subspecies: the nominate form occurs on the Coromandel Peninsula, North Island and some of its offshore islands like Pakihi- and Rotoroa Island; Veronica pubescens ssp. rehuarum (Bayly & de Lange) Garn.-Jones is endemic to Great Barrier Island; Veronica pubescens ssp. sejuncta (Bayly & de Lange) Garn.-Jones occurs on Great Barrier-, Little Barrier Island, and on the Mokohinau Islands.

*********************

Veronica pubescens ssp. rehuarum

Photo: Jack Warden
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/jack4

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Thelymitra pulchella Hook. f.

Beautiful Sun Orchid (Thelymitra pulchella)

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Ulva Island

local names: –

Pouzolzia australis (Endl.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear

Pouzolzia australis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Macauley Island (ex), Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

Geranium microphyllum Hook. f.

Geranium microphyllum

Distribution:

New Zealand: Auckland Islands; Campbell Island (Campbell Islands)

local names: –

~~~

This species is strictly restricted to the subantarctic Auckland- and Campbell Islands, plants from the New Zealand mainland, referred to this taxon, do in fact represent at least one distinct, up to now undescribed species.

*********************

Photo: Jon Sullivan
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/jon_sullivan

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 18.09.2017

Veronica leiophylla Cheeseman

Veronica leiophylla

Distribution:

New Zealand: South Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: memopob
http://naturewatch.org.nz/people/memopob

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 07.02.2018

Veronica corriganii (Carse) Garn.-Jones

Veronica corriganii

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Leon Perrie
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/leonperrie

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 07.02.2018

Leptinella squalida Hook. f.

Leptinella squalida

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

Leptinella squalida ssp. mediana (D. G. Lloyd) D. G. Lloyd & C. J. Webb

Powelliphanta spedeni (Powell)

Speden’s Predatory Snail (Powelliphanta spedeni)

This species, described in 1932, is endemic to the South Island of New Zealand.

The shell reaches a size of about 4 cm in diameter.

This species is thought to contain two subspecies, the nominate, Powelliphanta spedeni ssp. spedeni (Powell), and Powelliphanta spedeni ssp. lateumbilicata (Powell).

*********************

Powelliphanta spedeni ssp. lateumbilicata

Photo: D. Coetzee

(public domain)

Coprosma macrocarpa Cheeseman

Coprosma macrocarpa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island; Three Kings Islands

local names: –

~~~

Two subspecies, the nominate confined to the Three Kings Islands, the other subspecies, Coprosma macrocarpa ssp. minor R. O. Gardner & Heads ex A. Druce (see photo), to northern North Island and its offshore islands.

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

Doodia aspera R. Br.

Doodia aspera

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island (ex)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

*********************

References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

*********************

edited: 03.02.2018

Coprosma wallii Petrie

Coprosma wallii

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Veronica hookeriana Walp.

Veronica hookeriana

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Shirley Kerr
http://inaturalist.ca/people/shirleykerr

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Mentha cunninghamii Benth.

Mentha cunninghamii

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names:

hioi – New Zealand

*********************

Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Myosotis traversii Hook. f.

Myosotis traversii

Distribution:

New Zealand: South Island

local name: –

~~~

Myosotis traversii var. traversii
Myosotis traversii var. cantabrica L. B. Moore
Myosotis traversii var. cinerascens (Petrie) L. B. Moore (ex)

*********************

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Carex sectoides (Kük.) Edgar

Carex sectoides

Distribution:

New Zealand: Antipodes Islands; Chatham Islands

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

*********************

edited: 22.08.2017

Coprosma rhamnoides A. Cunn.

Coprosma rhamnoides

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Little Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Veronica calycina R. Br.

Veronica calycina

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Reiner Richter
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/reiner

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 05.02.2018

Calystegia tuguriorum (G. Forst.) Hook. f.

Calystegia tuguriorum

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Cuvier Island; Great Barrier Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); Kapiti Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Three Kings Islands; Womens Island (Titi Islands)

local names: –

Xanthagrion erythroneurum Sélys

Red and Blue Damsel (Xanthagrion erythroneurum)

The Red and Blue Damsel is (as far as known) the only species in its genus.

It is distributed mainly in Australia including Tasmania, but occurs also on New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands as well as on Fiji, where it seems to be quite rare, however. The species is said to occur in New Zealand as well, but I could not find any source yet to confirm this.

The Red and Blue Damsel is about 3 cm long, the sexes in this species are more or less identical in their colouration.

The ovoposition obviously takes place in standing water (?).

*********************

Photo: Sandra Wallace; by courtesy of Sandra Wallace

http://www.flickr.com/photos/20973373@N08

Notogrammitis rigida (Hombron) Parris

Notogrammitis rigida

Distribution:

New Zealand: Auckland Islands; Big Solander Island (Solander Islands); South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

Fimbristylis squarrosa var. esquarrosa Makino

Fimbristylis squarrosa var. esquarrosa

Distribution:

Fiji: Vanua Levu
New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; North Island

local names: –

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 1. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1979

Gingidia montana (J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) J. W. Dawson

Gingidia montana

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

~~~

This species is known to naturally hybridize on the South Island with Gingidia decipiens (Hook. f.) J. W. Dawson, Gingidia enysii (Kirk) J. W. Dawson, and Gingidia trifoliolata (Hook. f.) J. W. Dawson.

*********************

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Coprosma depressa Colenso ex Hook. f.

Coprosma depressa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Putauhina Island (Titi Islands)

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Alice Shanks
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/alice_shanks

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Atriplex billardieri (Moq.) Hook. f.

Atriplex billardieri

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; South Island (ex); Stewart Island

local names: –

Antipodochlora braueri Selys

Dusk Dragonfly (Antipodochlora braueri)

The Dusk Dragonfly was described in the year 1871, it is the sole member of its genus.

The species is endemic to New Zealand, both the larvae as well as the adult individuals are specialized forest dwellers, being widely distributed in various types of native forest.

The peak activity occurs in the few hours before dusk (hence its trivial name), at higher elevations, however, the species is active over a longer period of the day. [1]

*********************

References:

[1] W. J. Winstanley: A preliminary account of the habitat of Antipodochlora braueri (Odonata: Corduliidae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 7(2): 141-148. 1980

*********************

Photo: Dr. Milen Marinov; by courtesy of Dr. Milen Marinov

Leiopelma archeyi Turbott

Archey’s Frog (Leiopelma archeyi)

Archey’s Frog is the smallest of the seven known (four living and three extinct) species from the New Zealand Frog family (Leiopelmatidae), a family of very primitive frogs endemic to New Zealand.

The reproduction in all species within this family is fully terrestrial, the young hatch from the eggs as fully developed, yet still tailed froglets, which crawl onto the back of their father to be carried around for several weeks.

The females are about 3,7 cm in total length, while the males are slightly smaller at 3,1 cm.

Archey’s Frog is known from two disjunct locations on New Zealand’s North Island. But as in many other amphibian species all over the world, the populations of this species are rapidly declining, and it is now at significant risk of imminent extinction.

*********************

Photo: Dr. Paddy Ryan; by courtesy of Dr. Paddy Ryan

http://www.ryanphotographic.com

*********************

edited: 26.08.2015

Coprosma robusta Raoul

Coprosma robusta

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Tatapihi Island (Mokohinau Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island, Archway Island (Poor Knights Islands); Rangitoto Island; South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

karamu – New Zealand

Dianella nigra Colenso

Dianella nigra

Distribution:

New Zealand: Cuvier Island; Great Barrier Island; Goat Island; Kapiti Island; Little Barrier Island; North Island; Pakihi Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Great Island (Three Kings Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

plant:

piopio – New Zealand
turutu – New Zealand

plant parts:

pepepe – New Zealand (fruit)
reua – New Zealand (fruit)

*********************

References:

[1] P. B. Heenan; P. J. de Lange: Two new species of Dianella (Hemerocallidaceae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 45: 269-285. 2007

Lepidium solandri Kirk

Lepidium solandri

Distribution:

New Zealand: South Island

local name: –

Luzula banksiana Meyer

Luzula banksiana

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Kapiti Island; North Island; Big Solander Island (Solander Islands); South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

This species contains five varieties, which probably occur all over New Zealand.:

Luzula banksiana var. acra Edgar
Luzula banksiana var. banksiana
Luzula banksiana var. migrata (Buch.) Edgar
Luzula banksiana var. orina Edgar
Luzula banksiana var. rhadina (Buch.) Edgar

*********************

Photo: Matt Ward
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/mattward

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 01.02.2018

Austrolestes colensonis White

New Zealand Blue Damselfly (Austrolestes colensonis)

The New Zealand Blue Damselfly, known by the Maori as kekewai, is a common species of small ditches, ponds, and swamps, its larvae are able to inhabit even shallow and temporary water bodies.

The species is capable of changing its coloration to aid thermoregulation, so it turns darker in cold weather and lighter in sunshine. [1]

*********************

References:

[1] W. Joy Crumpton: Notes on occurrence of Odonata in Canterbury and Westland (New Zealand). The New Zealand Entomologist 6(3): 302-304. 1977

*********************

Photo: Dr. Milen Marinov; by courtesy of Dr. Milen Marinov

Ground Weta (Hemiandrus) – undescribed species

Ground Weta (Hemiandrus) – undescribed species

This New Zealand genus contains about 35 species, of which only some 15 appear to have been described so far, leaving about 20 species still undescribed. [1][3]

The ground weta are thought to be widespread and common, some are even found in urban gardens, however, some species of course are very restricted and are indeed threatened.

Some species are known to exhibit maternal care of eggs and offspring – the mothers take care for their eggs and their young. [2]

~~~

Unfortunately I do not know which of the following tag-named forms were properly described in the meantime.:

Hemiandrus sp. “alius”
Hemiandrus sp. “disparalis”
Hemiandrus sp. “dodsons”
Hemiandrus sp. “elegans”
Hemiandrus sp. “Esperance Valley”
Hemiandrus sp. “evansae”
Hemiandrus sp. “furoviarius”
Hemiandrus sp. “hapuku”
Hemiandrus sp. “horomaka”
Hemiandrus sp. “Hunter Mountains”
Hemiandrus sp. “kapiti”
Hemiandrus sp. “madisylvestris”
Hemiandrus sp. “mtgeorge”
Hemiandrus sp. “nokomai”
Hemiandrus sp. “okiwi”
Hemiandrus sp. “onokis”
Hemiandrus sp. “otautau”
Hemiandrus sp. “otekauri”
Hemiandrus sp. “porters”
Hemiandrus sp. “promontorius”
Hemiandrus sp. “pureora 1”
Hemiandrus sp. “pureora 2”
Hemiandrus sp. “redhills”
Hemiandrus sp. “richmond”
Hemiandrus sp. “saxatilis”
Hemiandrus sp. “staveley”
Hemiandrus sp. “timaru”
Hemiandrus sp. “turgidulus”
Hemiandrus sp. “waimakariri”
Hemiandrus sp. “vicinus”

*********************

References:

[1] P. M. Johns: Distribution and conservation status of ground weta, Hemiandrus species (Orthoptera: Anostostomatidae). Science for Conservation 180. 2001
[2] Tony Jewell: Two new species of Hemiandrus (Orthoptera: Anostostomatidae) from Fiordland National Park, New Zealand. Zootaxa 1542: 49-57. 2007
[3] B. L. Taylor Smith; M. Morgan-Richards & S. A. Trewick: New Zealand ground wētā (Anostostomatidae: Hemiandrus): descriptions of two species with notes on their biology. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 40(4): 314-329. 2013

*********************

hemiandrus.sp.rudolph89

Hemiandrus sp.

Photo: Rudolph89

(This image is in the public domain.)

*********************

edited: 06.03.2016

Alectryon excelsus Gaertn.

Alectryon excelsus

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Great Island, West Island (Three Kings Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island

local name:

titoki – New Zealand

~~~

Alectryon excelsus ssp. grandis (Cheeseman) de Lange & E. K. Cameron – Great Island, West Island (Three Kings Islands)

Veronica lanceolata Benth.

Veronica lanceolata

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

*********************

edited: 07.02.2018

Haloragis erecta (Murray) Oken

Haloragis erecta

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Tubuai
New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Kermadec Islands; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island; Womens Island (Titi Islands)

local names:

toatoa – New Zealand

~~~

The nominate subspecies, Haloragis erecta ssp. erecta (Murray) Oken, is widely distributed over New Zealand, while the subspecies Haloragis erecta ssp. cartilaginea (Cheeseman) Orchard is endemic to the Surville Cliffs in the far north of New Zealand’s North Island.

~~~

The species obviously occurs also on Raivavae and Tubuai in the Austral Archipelago. [1][2][3]

*********************

References:

[1] H. St. John: Notes on Eugenia (Myrtaceae) and Haloragis (Haloragaceae) from southeastern Polynesia. Pacific Plant Studies 34. Phytologia 37(5): 441-442. 1977
[2] Jean-Yves Meyer: Rapport de mission de l’expédition scientifique à Raivavae et Rapa (Australes) du 18 Novembre au 20 Décembre 2002. Délégation à la Recherche, Papeete 2002
[3] Jean-Yves Meyer: Rapa, îles Australes: guide de la flore indigène et endémique. Direction de l’Environnement, Délégation à la Recherche: STPmultipress, Papeete 2011

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

*********************

edited: 22.08.2017

Hypolepis amaurorachis (Kunze) Hook.

Hypolepis amaurorachis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Auckland Islands; Campbell Island (Campbell Islands); Chatham Islands; South Island

local name: –

Epilobium macropus Hook. f.

Epilobium macropus

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Mike Lusk
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/mike68lusk

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 20.08.2017

 

Plantago triandra Berggr.

Plantago triandra

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 05.02.2018

Stigmella hakekeae Donner & Wilkinson

Hakeke Pigmy Moth (Stigmella hakekeae)

~~~

This species is known to inhabit the South Island as well as Stewart Island.

The Hakeke Pigmy Moth is quite large for its genus, it reaches a wingspan of about 0,6 cm.

The caterpillars of this species are adapted to endemic New Zealand tree asters like Olearia arborescens (G. Forst.) Cockayne & Laing, Olearia x macrodonta, Olearia nummularifolia (Hook. f.) Hook. f., and Olearia paniculata (J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) Druce, they feed within the leaves, creating frass–filled tunnels with a typical vermiculated shape.

*********************

Reeferences:

[1] Hans Donner; Christopher Wilkinson: Nepticulidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Fauna of New Zealand 16. 1989

Luzula rufa Edgar

Luzula rufa

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

~~~

This species contains two varieties, the nominate and the var. albicomans Edgar.

*********************

Photo: Peter Sweetapple
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/peter_sweetapple

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 01.02.2018

Carex elingamita Hamlin

Carex elingamita

Distribution:

New Zealand: Hinemoa Rock, Manawa Tawhi, North East Island, South West Island, West Island (Three Kings Islands)

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

*********************

edited: 22.08.2017

 

Coprosma acerosa A. Cunn.

Coprosma acerosa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names:

mingimingi – New Zealand

~~~

This species is known to hybridize with other Coprosma spp., for example with Coprosma propinqua var. martinii W. R. B. Oliv., or with Coprosma repens A. Rich., the last hybrid is known as Coprosma x kirkii.

*********************

Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Veronica jovellanoides Garn.-Jones & de Lange

Veronica jovellanoides

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

*********************

edited: 07.02.2018

Wahlenbergia pygmaea Colenso

Wahlenbergia pygmaea

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

~~~

This species is endemic to mountainous areas of New Zealand’s North Island, where it occurs with three separable subspecies, Wahlenbergia pygmaea ssp. drucei J. A. Petterson, Wahlenbergia pygmaea ssp. pygmaea Colenso and Wahlenbergia pygmaea ssp. tararua J. A. Petterson. [1]

~~~

The species appears to be genetically inseparable from Wahlenbergia albomarginata Hook., whose species epithet has priority. [2]

*********************

References:

[1] Judith A. Petterson: Revision of the genus Wahlenbergia (Campanulaceae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 35: 9-54. 1997
[2] Jessica M. Prebble; Heidi M. Meudt; Phil J. Garnock-Jones: An expanded molecular phylogeny of the southern bluebells (Wahlenbergia, Campanulaceae) from Australia and New Zealand. Australian Systematic Botany 25: 11-30. 2012

Zealandofannia mystacina Domínguez & Pont

New Zealand Bat Fly (Zealandofannia mystacina)

This species was described in 2014.

The New Zealand Bat Fly is about 0,35 cm long and mainly black colored.

The larvae feed on the guano of the endemic New Zealand Short-tailed Bat (Mytscina tuberculata Gray). [1]

*********************

References:

[1] M. C. Domínguez; A. C. Pont: Fanniidae (Insecta: Diptera). Fauna of New Zealand 71. 2014