Tag Archives: Malvaceae

Hibiscus furcellatus Desr.

Clay’s Hibiscus (Hibiscus furcellatus)

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Maui, O’ahu

local names:

aloalo – Hawai’i Islands
‘akiahala – Hawai’i Islands
‘akiohala – Hawai’i Islands
hau hele – Hawai’i Islands
hau hele wai – Hawai’i Islands

Abutilon sachetianum Fosberg

Abutilon sachetianum

Distribution:

Marquesas: Eiao, Hatuta’a, Hiva Oa, Mohotani, Nuku Hiva

local name:

fautea – Marquesas

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References:

[1] F. Raymond Fosberg; Marie-Hélène Sachet: Polynesian Plant Studies 6-18. Smithsonian Institution 1981
[2] Jacques Flores: Flore de la Polynésie française Vol 1 & 2. IRD Éditions, Publications Scientifiques du Muséum 2004

Hibiscus arnottianus A. Gray

Arnott’s Hibiscus (Hibiscus arnottianus)

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Moloka’i, O’ahu

local name:

aloalo – Hawai’i Islands
hau hele – Hawai’i Islands
koki’o ke’oke’o – Hawai’i Islands
koki’o kea – Hawai’i Islands
pamakani – Hawai’i Islands

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three subspecies:

Hibiscus arnottianus ssp. arnottianus A. Gray – O’ahu
Hibiscus arnottianus ssp. immaculatus (M. J. Roe) D. M. Bates – Moloka’i
Hibiscus arnottianus ssp. punaluuensis (Skottsb.) D. M. Bates – O’ahu

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Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Abutilon pitcairnense Fosberg

Abutilon pitcairnense

Distribution:

Pitcairn Islands: Pitcairn Island

local name:

yellow foutu – Pitcairn / Pitcairn Islands
yellow fowtoo – Pitcairn / Pitcairn Islands

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References:

[1] F. Raymond Fosberg; Marie-Hélène Sachet: Polynesian Plant Studies 6-18. Smithsonian Institution 1981

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Photo: Kerry Young
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/kerry_young

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 12.08.2017

Waltheria indica L.

Waltheria indica

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Lehua, Maui, Midway, Moloka’i, Ni’ihau, O’ahu
Marquesas: Eiao, Hatuta’a, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Huka, Ua Pou

local names:

‘ala’ala pu loa – Hawai’i Islands
hala ‘uhaloa – Hawai’i Islands
hi’aloa – Hawai’i Islands
kaepu – Marquesas
kanakaloa – Hawai’i Islands
puehu – Marquesas
puepu – Marquesas
puunehu – Marquesas
‘uhaloa – Hawai’i Islands

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waltheria-indica-fks

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

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edited:

05.02.2017

Entelea arborescens R. Br.

Entelea arborescens

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Little Barrier Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

whau – New Zealand

Hibiscadelphus woodii Lorence & W. L. Wagner

Hibiscadelphus woodii

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Kaua’i

local names:

hau kuahiwi – Hawai’i Islands

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This species grew in the Kalalau Valley on the island of Kaua’i, where it was first discovered only in the year 1991 – at that time only four individuals were alive.

All attempts, to propagate these plants vegetatively in some way (by air layering, grafting or cuttings) failed.

The remaining shrubs indeed bloomed, and the  flowers were even visited by endemic, nectarivorous drepanid finches (Kauai Amakihi (Hemignathus kauaiensis Pratt)), but seed development was never observed.

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The demise of the species was initiated by a large fallen boulder, which injured three of the last four individuals in such a way, that they, until 1998, died back completely.

The only remaining shrub was found on the 17 August 2011 to be dead as well.

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References:

[1] D. H. Lorence & W. L. Wagner: Another new, nearly extinct species of Hibiscadelphus (Malvaceae) from the Hawaiian Islands. Novon 5: 183-187. 1995
[2] Kenneth R. Wood: Possible Extinctions, Rediscoveries, and New Plant Records within the Hawaiian Islands. Records of the Hawaii Biological Survey for 2011. Edited by Neal L. Evenhuis & Lucius G. Eldredge. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 91-102. 2012

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edited:

10.10.2016