Pouzolzia australis (Endl.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear

Pouzolzia australis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Macauley Island (ex), Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names: –

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Haloragis erecta (Murray) Oken

Haloragis erecta

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Tubuai
New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Kermadec Islands; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island; Womens Island (Titi Islands)

local names:

toatoa – New Zealand

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The nominate subspecies, Haloragis erecta ssp. erecta (Murray) Oken, is widely distributed over New Zealand, while the subspecies Haloragis erecta ssp. cartilaginea (Cheeseman) Orchard is endemic to the Surville Cliffs in the far north of New Zealand’s North Island.

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The species obviously occurs also on Raivavae and Tubuai in the Austral Archipelago. [1][2][3]

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References:

[1] H. St. John: Notes on Eugenia (Myrtaceae) and Haloragis (Haloragaceae) from southeastern Polynesia. Pacific Plant Studies 34. Phytologia 37(5): 441-442. 1977
[2] Jean-Yves Meyer: Rapport de mission de l’expédition scientifique à Raivavae et Rapa (Australes) du 18 Novembre au 20 Décembre 2002. Délégation à la Recherche, Papeete 2002
[3] Jean-Yves Meyer: Rapa, îles Australes: guide de la flore indigène et endémique. Direction de l’Environnement, Délégation à la Recherche: STPmultipress, Papeete 2011

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Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

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edited: 22.08.2017

Erechthias flavistriata (Walsingham)

Sugarcane Bud Moth (Erechthias flavistriata)

This species was described in the year 1907.

The larvae are known to feed on a wide range of plants including Coconut Palms, Screwpines, but also cultivated plants like Bananas, Pineapples, and Sugarcane.

The species may actually originate from Melanesia and may have been introduced to Polynesia accidently by man.

Lobelia anceps L. f.

Lobelia anceps

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa
New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names:

punakuru – New Zealand
purao – New Zealand
waewae-koukou – New Zealand

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This species occurs from Australia to South Africa and South America, it is found in Polynesia.

Parablechnum procerum (G. Forst.) C. Presl

Parablechnum procerum

Distribution:

Cook Islands: Rarotonga
New Zealand: Antipodes Islands; Adams Island, Auckland Island, Enderby Island (Auckland Islands); Campbell Island (Campbell Islands); Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); Rangitoto Island; Big Solander Island (Solander Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island; Putauhina Island (Titi Islands)
Samoa: Savai’i

local names:

kiokio – New Zealand

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References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

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edited: 03.02.2018

Veronica breviracemosa W. R. B. Oliv.

Veronica breviracemosa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)

local names: –

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Photo: Katy Johns
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/aunty

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

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edited: 05.02.2018

Callopistria maillardi (Guenée)

White Tangle Fern Moth (Callopistria maillardi)

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa
Cook Islands: Rarotonga
Fiji: Leleuvia, Moce, Naukacuvu, Rotuma, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Viwa, Yasawa
New Zealand: Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands)
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island
Samoa: Savai’, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Tahiti
Tonga

local names: –

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The White Tangle Fern Moth was described in 1862, it is an Indo-pacific species that occurs in parts of Africa to Asia and Australia well into eastern Polynesia.

There are several synonyms that formerly were thought to constitute distinct species and subspecies, some of which were believed to be endemic to single islands or island groups.

The species reaches a wingspan of 2,7 to about 3 cm.

The caterpilars feed on several endemic, native or even introduced fern species including Adiantum, Asplenium, Lygodium, Microsorum, Nephrolepis and Pellaea spp.. [1][2]

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The species is also known from the Hawaiian Islands, but is very likely not native to these islands.

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Refrences:

[1] Gaden S. Robinson: Macrolepidoptera of Fiji and Rotuma: a taxonomic and biogeographic study. Classey 1975
[2] Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Conservation International Pacific Islands Programme: Rapid Biodiversity Assessment of Key Biodiversity Areas: Falealupo Peninsula Coastal Rainforest, Central Savaii Rainforest, and Uafato-Tiavea Coastal Rainforest, Samoa. Apia, Samoa 2017

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edited: 05.01.2019

Melicope ternata A. Cunn.

Melicope ternata

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Sail Rock (Hen and Chicken Islands); Kapiti Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names: –

Adversaeschna brevistyla (Rambur)

Blue-spotted Hawker (Adversaeschna brevistyla)

The Blue-spotted Hawker was described in the year 1842, it is the only member of its genus.

The species is widespread across Australia, New Zealand and the Norfolk Islands, here it prefers relatively large lakes and other standing water with tall bankside vegetation, but is often found far from water.

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adversaeschna-brevistyla-nzn

Depiction from: ‘G. V. Hudson: New Zealand Neuroptera: A popular Introduction to the Life Histories and Habits of May Flies, Dragon Flies, Caddis Flies and allied Insects inhabiting New Zealand, including Notes on their relation to Angling. London: West, Newman & Co. 1904′

http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org