Category Archives: 4. Flora

Cyrtandra amicta A. C. Sm.

Cyrtandra amicta

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu

local names: –

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Hymenophyllum denticulatum Sw.

Hymenophyllum denticulatum

Distribution:

Fiji: Viti Levu

local names: –

*********************

References:

[1] Atsushi Ebihara; Jean-Yves Dubuisson; Kunio Iwatsuki; Sabine Hennequin; Motomi Ito: A taxonomic revision of Hymenophyllaceae. Blumea 52(2): 1-60. 2006
[2] P. J. Brownsey; L. R. Perrie: A revised checklist of Fijian ferns and lycophytes. Telopea 13(3): 513-562. 2011

Hibiscus arnottianus A. Gray

Arnott’s Hibiscus (Hibiscus arnottianus)

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Moloka’i, O’ahu

local name:

aloalo – Hawai’i Islands
hau hele – Hawai’i Islands
koki’o ke’oke’o – Hawai’i Islands
koki’o kea – Hawai’i Islands
pamakani – Hawai’i Islands

~~~

three subspecies:

Hibiscus arnottianus ssp. arnottianus A. Gray – O’ahu
Hibiscus arnottianus ssp. immaculatus (M. J. Roe) D. M. Bates – Moloka’i
Hibiscus arnottianus ssp. punaluuensis (Skottsb.) D. M. Bates – O’ahu

*********************

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Podocarpus decipiens N. E. Gray

Podocarpus decipiens

Distribution:

Fiji: Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu

local names:

asiboloa – Fiji
bau – Fiji
gagali – Fiji
gali – Fiji
kuasi – Fiji
salusalu – Fiji
yasibolo – Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 1. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1979

Gingidia montana (J. R. Forst. & G. Forst.) J. W. Dawson

Gingidia montana

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

~~~

This species is known to naturally hybridize on the South Island with Gingidia decipiens (Hook. f.) J. W. Dawson, Gingidia enysii (Kirk) J. W. Dawson, and Gingidia trifoliolata (Hook. f.) J. W. Dawson.

*********************

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Coprosma depressa Colenso ex Hook. f.

Coprosma depressa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island; Putauhina Island (Titi Islands)

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Alice Shanks
https://www.inaturalist.org/people/alice_shanks

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Boerhavia repens L.

Boerhavia repens

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: French Frigate Shoals, Hawai’i, Kaho’olawe, Kaua’i, Ka’ula, Kure, Lana’i, Laysan, Lehua, Lisianski, Maui, Midway, Moloka’i, Ni’ihau, O’ahu, Pearl and Hermes
Kiribati: Karoraina, Kiritimati, Malden Island, Starbuck Island, Vostok Island
Marquesas: Mohotani, Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka
Niue (?)
Samoa: Ofu, Olosega, Ta’u, Tutuila

local names:

alena – Hawai’i Islands
anena – Hawai’i Islands
nena – Hawai’i Islands
te wao – Kiribati

*********************

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Atriplex billardieri (Moq.) Hook. f.

Atriplex billardieri

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; South Island (ex); Stewart Island

local names: –

Sicyos maximowiczii Cogn.

Sicyos maximowiczii

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Kure, Lehua, Lisianski, Laysan, Ni’ihau, O’ahu (ex), Pearl and Hermes

local names: –

~~~

Sicyos semitonsus (Sicyos maximowiczii x pachycarpus)

Davallia brevipes Copel.

Davallia brevipes

Distribution:

Samoa: ‘Upolu

local names: –

~~~

This species is known from the Samoan Islands from only a single collection, and otherwise occurs Southeast Asia and Melanesia. [1]

*********************

References:

[1] H. P. Nooteboom: Notes on Davalliaceae II. A revision of the genus Davallia. Blumea 39: 151-214. 1994

Planchonella membranacea H. J. Lam.

Planchonella membranacea

Distribution:

Fiji: Vanua Balavu, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Tonga: ‘Uta Vava’u

local names: –

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 2. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1981

Cheilanthes tenuifolia (Burm. f.) Sw.

Cheilanthes tenuifolia

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Rapa
Fiji: Viti Levu
Gambier Islands: Akamaru, Makaroa
Marquesas: Nuku Hiva
Samoa
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Mai’ao, Me’eti’a, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Tahiti

local names: –

Cyperus macrophyllus (Brongn.) Boeckeler

Cyperus macrophyllus

Distribution:

Cook Islands: Rarotonga
Society Islands: Bora Bora, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Tahiti

local names:

mou’u ha’ari – Society Islands
mou uu – Society Islands

Coprosma robusta Raoul

Coprosma robusta

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Tatapihi Island (Mokohinau Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island, Archway Island (Poor Knights Islands); Rangitoto Island; South Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

karamu – New Zealand

Cyanea konahuanuiensis Sporck-Koehler, Koehler, Marquez, Waite & Williams

Kanohuanui Lobelia (Cyanea konahuanuiensis)

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: O’ahu

local names: –

~~~

This species was just described in 2015.

The Kanohuanui Lobelia is known only from the Konahua-nui summit area in the Ko’olau Mountains of O’ahu, where it grows in wet forests at elevations of about 880 to 930 m. [1]

*********************

References:

[1] Margaret Sporck-Koehler, Tobias Koehler, Sebastian Marquez, Mashuri Waite, Adam Williams: A new species of Cyanea (Campanulaceae, Lobelioideae), from the Ko‘olau Mountains of O‘ahu, Hawaiian Islands. PhytoKeys 46: 45-60. 2015

*********************

Photo from: ‘Margaret Sporck-Koehler, Tobias Koehler, Sebastian Marquez, Mashuri Waite, Adam Williams: A new species of Cyanea (Campanulaceae, Lobelioideae), from the Ko‘olau Mountains of O‘ahu, Hawaiian Islands. PhytoKeys 46: 45-60. 2015’

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Dianella nigra Colenso

Dianella nigra

Distribution:

New Zealand: Cuvier Island; Great Barrier Island; Goat Island; Kapiti Island; Little Barrier Island; North Island; Pakihi Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Great Island (Three Kings Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island

local names:

plant:

piopio – New Zealand
turutu – New Zealand

plant parts:

pepepe – New Zealand (fruit)
reua – New Zealand (fruit)

*********************

References:

[1] P. B. Heenan; P. J. de Lange: Two new species of Dianella (Hemerocallidaceae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 45: 269-285. 2007

Pritchardia remota Becc.

Pritchardia remota

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Nihoa

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Cyrtandra lysiocepala (A. Gray) C. B. Clarke

Cyrtandra lysiocepala

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i

local names: –

Metrosideros polymorpha Gaudich.

Metrosideros polymorpha

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu

local names:

‘ahihi ku ma kua – Hawai’i Islands
‘ahihi lehua – Hawai’i Islands
kumakua – Hawai’i Islands
lehua – Hawai’i Islands
lehua ‘ahihi – Hawai’i Islands
lehua papa – Hawai’i Islands
‘ohia lehua – Hawai’i Islands
‘ohia – Hawai’i Islands
‘ohi’a ‘ahihi – Hawai’i Islands
‘ohia lehua – Hawai’i Islands

~~~

The ‘ohi’a lehua is by far the most common of the endemic tree species on the Hawaiian Islands and inhabits many areas on all of the main islands.

The species is highly variable, being usually a tall tree, but sometimes a small cushion-like shrub, and is thus split into eight varieties, these include:

Metrosideros polymorpha var. dieteri J. W. Dawson & Stemmerm. endemic to Kaua’i
Metrosideros polymorpha var. glaberrima (H. Lév.) H. St. John found on Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu
Metrosideros polymorpha var. incana (H. Lév.) H. St. John found on Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu
Metrosideros polymorpha var. macrophylla (Rock) H. St. John only on Hawai’i and Maui
Metrosideros polymorpha var. newellii (Rock) H. St. John endemic to Hawai’i
Metrosideros polymorpha var. polymorpha Gaudich. found on Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, O’ahu
Metrosideros polymorpha var. pseudorugosa (Skottsb.) J. W. Dawson & Stemmerm. endemic to western Maui
Metrosideros polymorpha var. pumila (A. Heller) J. W. Dawson & Stemmerm. found on Kaua’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu

~~~

The flowers of the ‘ohi’a lehua are usually red in color, but there are also orange- and yellow-flowering individuals. The nectar-rich flowers are one of the most important food resources, not only for various endemic and native insect species, but also for the few remaining endemic honeycreepers.

The ‘ohi’a lehua is a pioneer species on solidified lava, its dead leaves build the first fertile soil and therewith the basic conditions for further plant life. The tree is furthermore a very important basic component of another habitat, which, in such a way, is found only on the Hawaiian Islands – lava tubes. The roots of the trees, growing above such a lava tube, dangle from the ceiling of the tube, allowing rainwater to drip in, and furthermore build the basis of a food chain for an enormous number of specialized, cavernicolous arthropod species.

The wood is very hard and was in former times used for the construction of houses and temples (heiau), and of course for many other purposes, the bright red flowers (lehua), as well as the reddish colored new leaf shoots (liko) were/are used to make lei.

*********************

References:

[1] N. DeBoer; E. A. Stacy: Divergence within and among 3 varieties of the endemic tree, ‘Ohi’a Lehua (Metrosideros polymorpha) on the eastern slope of Hawai’i Island. Journal of Herdity 104(4): 1-10. 2013
[2] E. A. Stacy; J. B. Johansen; T. Sakishima; D. K. Price; Y. Pillon: Incipient radiation within the dominant Hawaiian tree Metrosideros polymorpha. Heredity (Edinb) 113(4): 334-342. 2014

*********************

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Pipturus platyphyllus Wedd.

Pipturus platyphyllus

Distribution:

Fiji: Nayau, Ovalau, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu

local names:

gala – Fiji
rema – Fiji
tagica – Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 2. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1981

Crossostylis richii (A. Gray) A. C. Sm.

Crossostylis richii

Distribution:

Fiji: Gau, Ovalau, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu

local names:

dakua ni dribidribi – Viti Levu / Fiji
sivia – Viti Levu / Fiji
sukau – Viti Levu / Fiji
tiri vanua – Fiji
wakacere – Vanua Levu / Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 2. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1981

Bulbophyllum clandestinum Lindl.

Bulbophyllum clandestinum

Distribution:

Fiji: Vanua Levu, Viti Levu

local names: –

~~~

This species is widespread in the Old World Tropics, occuring from southeastern Asia to Fiji, where it, however, appears to be rather rare. [1]

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 5. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1991

Cyclosorus rodigasianus (T. Moore) Ching

Cyclosorus rodigasianus

Distribution:

Fiji: Rotuma
Samoa: Ofu, Olosega, Ta’u (?), Tutuila, ‘Upolu

local names: –

*********************

References:

[1] Art Whistler: A Study of the Rare Plants of American Samoa. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Honolulu, Hawai’i 1998
[2] Li-Juan He; Xian-Chun Zhang: Exploring generic delimination within the fern family Thelypteridaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 757-764. 2012

Phyllanthus pitcairnense (H. St. John) W. L. Wagner & Lorence

Phyllanthus pitcairnense

Distribution:

Pitcairn Islands: Henderson Island, Pitcairn Island

local names: –

*********************

References:

[1] Warren L. Wagner; David H. Lorence: A nomenclator of Pacific oceanic island Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), including Glochidion. In: Lorence DH, Wagner WL (Eds) Botany of the Marquesas Islands: new taxa, combinations, and revisions. PhytoKeys 4: 67-94. 2011

Lepidium solandri Kirk

Lepidium solandri

Distribution:

New Zealand: South Island

local name: –

Luzula banksiana Meyer

Luzula banksiana

Distribution:

New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Kapiti Island; North Island; Big Solander Island (Solander Islands); South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

~~~

This species contains five varieties, which probably occur all over New Zealand.:

Luzula banksiana var. acra Edgar
Luzula banksiana var. banksiana
Luzula banksiana var. migrata (Buch.) Edgar
Luzula banksiana var. orina Edgar
Luzula banksiana var. rhadina (Buch.) Edgar

*********************

Photo: Matt Ward
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/mattward

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 01.02.2018

Abutilon pitcairnense Fosberg

Abutilon pitcairnense

Distribution:

Pitcairn Islands: Pitcairn Island

local name:

yellow foutu – Pitcairn / Pitcairn Islands
yellow fowtoo – Pitcairn / Pitcairn Islands

*********************

References:

[1] F. Raymond Fosberg; Marie-Hélène Sachet: Polynesian Plant Studies 6-18. Smithsonian Institution 1981

*********************

Photo: Kerry Young
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/kerry_young

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 12.08.2017

Schizostachyum glaucifolium (Rupr.) Munro

Schizostachyum glaucifolium

Distribution:

Fiji: Moala, Ovalau, Rotuma, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Samoa: ‘Aunu’u, Nu’ulua, Nu’utele, Ofu, Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, ‘Upolu

local names:

bitu – Fiji
bitu dina – Fiji
bitu kau – Fiji
bitu ni viti – Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 1. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1979

Alectryon excelsus Gaertn.

Alectryon excelsus

Distribution:

New Zealand: Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Great Island, West Island (Three Kings Islands); Tiritiri Matangi Island

local name:

titoki – New Zealand

~~~

Alectryon excelsus ssp. grandis (Cheeseman) de Lange & E. K. Cameron – Great Island, West Island (Three Kings Islands)

Veronica lanceolata Benth.

Veronica lanceolata

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

*********************

edited: 07.02.2018

The genus Hoya in Polynesia

The genus Hoya in Polynesia

The genus Hoya is distributed in many parts of Asia to Australia and Oceania, it contains a largely unknown number of species, unknown because there are tremendous numbers of taxa that were and unfortunately still are described – most of them by a certain single person.

Here is a small account of them.:

Hoya faoensis Kloppenb. & Siar
Hoya fetuana Kloppenb.
Hoya fitoensis Kloppenb.
Hoya lanoto’oensis Kloppenb.
Hoya mata-ole-afiensis Kloppenb.
Hoya nuuuliensis Kloppenb. & Siar
Hoya ofuensis Kloppenb.
Hoya savaiiensis Kloppenb.
Hoya savaiiensis ssp. falealupoensis Kloppenb.
Hoya seanwhistleriana Kloppenb.
Hoya tiatuilaensis Kloppenb.
Hoya x tuafanua Whistler & Kloppenb.
Hoya whistleri Kloppenb.

All of these ‘taxa’ are from Samoa alone, and there are probably more to come.

~~~

But what is the problem?

Well, some of these plants were obviously described from cultivated material, and often even the slightest differences were used to describe the material as a new species.

So, actually no one really knows at this time how many true species exist, and this doesn’t only aply to Samoa.

But this ain’t the only problem!

The abovementioned ‘autor’ described Hoya x tuafanua in 2002 (Fraterna 15(3): 13. 2002), and then used exactly the same plant material in 2015 to describe another species, Hoya seanwhistleriana (Hoya New 4(2): 10-16. 2015).

What the heck is going on here?

~~~

Finally, just for ‘fun’, a full list of all Hoya taxa described from within Polynesia, as far as I know them.:

Hoya angustifolia J. Traill
Hoya artwhistlerii Kloppenb.
Hoya attenuata Christoph.
Hoya australis R. Br. ex Traill
Hoya australis ssp. tenuipes (K. D. Hill) P. I. Forst. & Liddle
Hoya betchei (Schltr.) Whistler
Hoya bicarinata A. Gray
Hoya billardieri Decne.
Hoya chlorantha Rech.
Hoya chlorantha var. tutuilensis (Chr.) Whistler
Hoya corollamarginata Kloppenb.
Hoya corollamarginata ssp. magiagiensis Kloppenb.
Hoya corollamarginata ssp. upoluensis Kloppenb.
Hoya crassior Hochr.
Hoya dalrympliana F. Muell.
Hoya desvoeuxensis T. Green & Kloppenb.
Hoya diptera Seem.
Hoya faoensis Kloppenb. & Siar
Hoya fetuana Kloppenb.
Hoya fetuana ssp. sigaeleensis Kloppenb.
Hoya fetuana ssp. tutuilensis Kloppenb.
Hoya filiformis Rech.
Hoya fitoensis Kloppenb.
Hoya intermedia A. C. Sm.
Hoya lanataiensis Kloppenb.
Hoya lanoto’oensis Kloppenb.
Hoya luatekensis Kloppenb.
Hoya malata Kloppenb.
Hoya mata-ole-afiensis Kloppenb.
Hoya matavanuensis Kloppenb.
Hoya megalantha Turrill
Hoya nuuuliensis Kloppenb. & Siar
Hoya obscurinervia Merr.
Hoya ofuensis Kloppenb.
Hoya oligotricha ssp. tenuipes K. D. Hill
Hoya olosegaensis Kloppenb.
Hoya patameaensis Kloppenb.
Hoya pilosa Seem.
Hoya pottsii J. Traill
Hoya pottsii var. angustifolia (J. Traill) Tsiang & P. T. Li
Hoya pubescens Reinecke
Hoya pycnophylla Rech.
Hoya samoaalbiflora Kloppenb.
Hoya samoensis Seem.
Hoya samoensis ssp. savai’iensis Kloppenb.
Hoya savaiiensis Kloppenb.
Hoya savaiiensis ssp. falealupoensis Kloppenb.
Hoya seanwhistleriana Kloppenb.
Hoya smithii Kloppenb.
Hoya spencii Kloppenb.
Hoya tamaleaaea Kloppenb.
Hoya tauensis Kloppenb.
Hoya tiatuilaensis Kloppenb.
Hoya trinervis J. Traill
Hoya x tuafanua Whistler & Kloppenb.
Hoya uafatoensis Kloppenb.
Hoya upoluensis Reinecke
Hoya upoluensis var. minor Rech.
Hoya vitiensis Turrill
Hoya vitiensis ssp. parksii Kloppenb.
Hoya whistleri Kloppenb.
Hoya whistleri ssp. faleuluensis Kloppenb.

*********************

References:

[1] Dale Kloppenburg: Samoan Hoya Species I-III. 2014
[2] Dale Kloppenburg: Hoya New 5(1): 1-64. 2015

*********************

edited: 08.09.2018

Haloragis erecta (Murray) Oken

Haloragis erecta

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Raivavae, Tubuai
New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Kermadec Islands; North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Stewart Island; Tiritiri Matangi Island; Womens Island (Titi Islands)

local names:

toatoa – New Zealand

~~~

The nominate subspecies, Haloragis erecta ssp. erecta (Murray) Oken, is widely distributed over New Zealand, while the subspecies Haloragis erecta ssp. cartilaginea (Cheeseman) Orchard is endemic to the Surville Cliffs in the far north of New Zealand’s North Island.

~~~

The species obviously occurs also on Raivavae and Tubuai in the Austral Archipelago. [1][2][3]

*********************

References:

[1] H. St. John: Notes on Eugenia (Myrtaceae) and Haloragis (Haloragaceae) from southeastern Polynesia. Pacific Plant Studies 34. Phytologia 37(5): 441-442. 1977
[2] Jean-Yves Meyer: Rapport de mission de l’expédition scientifique à Raivavae et Rapa (Australes) du 18 Novembre au 20 Décembre 2002. Délégation à la Recherche, Papeete 2002
[3] Jean-Yves Meyer: Rapa, îles Australes: guide de la flore indigène et endémique. Direction de l’Environnement, Délégation à la Recherche: STPmultipress, Papeete 2011

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

*********************

edited: 22.08.2017

Myristica grandifolia A. DC.

Myristica grandifolia

Distribution:

Fiji: Ovalau, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu

local names:

kau damu – Fiji
male – Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] James Sinclair: Florae Melanesianae Precursores – XLII. The Genus Myristica in Malesia and outside Malesia. Garden’s Bulletin, Singapore 23: 1-540. 1968
[2] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 2. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1981

Hypolepis amaurorachis (Kunze) Hook.

Hypolepis amaurorachis

Distribution:

New Zealand: Auckland Islands; Campbell Island (Campbell Islands); Chatham Islands; South Island

local name: –

Epilobium macropus Hook. f.

Epilobium macropus

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Mike Lusk
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/mike68lusk

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 20.08.2017

 

Ophiorrhiza rupestris Hemsl.

Ophiorrhiza rupestris

Distribution:

Wallis & Futuna: Alofi, Futuna

local names: –

~~~

Within the Polynesian region this species appears to be restricted to Alofi and Futuna, Wallis & Futuna, but it is otherwise known to be quite widespread on the Solomon Islands.

Since the plant is obviously restricted to beach habitats, it may be an arboriginal introduction. [1]

*********************

References:

[1] Steven P. Darwin: The Pacific species of Ophiorrhiza L. (Rubiaceae). Lyonia 1(2): 47-102. 1976

*********************

edited: 11.08.2017

Microlepia strigosa (Thunb.) C. Presl

Lace Fern (Microlepia strigosa)

Distribution:

Fiji
Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu
Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui
Society Islands: Tahiti

local names:

nehe nehe – Rapa Nui
palai – Hawai’i Islands
palapalai – Hawai’i Islands

~~~

The Lace Fern is distributed in many parts of Asia, within the Polynesian region it occurs on Tahiti, Society Islands as well as on Rapa Nui. The species can also be found on the Hawaiian main islands, where on the island of Maui, an endemic variety, Microlepia strigosa var. mauiensis (W. H. Wagner) D. D. Palmer, is known to exist, which was formerly thought to be a distinct species, and which can be distinguished from the typical variety by its hairy fronds.

The Hawaiian name for this species is palai resp. palapalai, its fronds were used in ancient times to decorate the altars of laka, the hula goddess, as well as for making lei.

In Rapa Nui the species is named nehe nehe, a term that is used for almost all fern species.

*********************

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium (Gaudich.) Anderb.

Pseudognaphalium sandwicensium

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Kure, Lana’i, Maui, Midway, Moloka’i, Ni’ihau, O’ahu

local names: –

~~~

var. hawaiiense (O. Deg. & Sherff) W. L. Wagner
var. kilaueanum (O. Deg. & Sherff) W. L. Wagner
var. molokaiense (O. Deg. & Sherff) W. L. Wagner

Melicope pseudoanisata (Rock) T. G. Hartley & B. C. Stone

Melicope pseudoanisata

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Maui

local names: –

Sarcopygme mayorii (Setch.) Setch. & Christoph.

Sarcopygme mayorii

Distribution:

Samoa: Tutuila

local names: –

*********************

References:

[1] W. A. Setchell; Erling Christophersen: Preliminary notes on Sarcopygme, a new rubiaceous genus from Samoa. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 11(5): 1-5. 1935

Phaleria glabra (Turrill) Domke

Phaleria glabra

Distribution:

Fiji: Kadavu, Ovalau, Taveuni, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu
Samoa: Tutuila
Tonga: ‘Eua

local names:

buibuita – Viti / Fiji
cua ni lawa – Viti / Fiji
matiavi – Viti / Fiji
rauwosi – Viti / Fiji
sinu lau – Viti / Fiji

*********************

References:

[1] Albert C. Smith: Flora Vitiensis Nova: A new flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes only). Vol. 2. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii 1981

Plantago triandra Berggr.

Plantago triandra

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 05.02.2018

Cyrtandra campanulata Reinecke

Cyrtandra campanulata

Distribution:

Samoa: Savai’i, ‘Upolu

local names: –

~~~

This species may be extinct, it was last collected in 1905. [1]

*********************

References:

[1] Art Whistler: Biodiversity Conservation Lessons Learned Technical Series. 2: The Rare Plants of Samoa. Conservation International 2011

Cyanea humboldtiana (Gaudich.) Lammers, Givnish & Sytsma

Cyanea humboldtiana

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: O’ahu

local names: –

Luzula rufa Edgar

Luzula rufa

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island

local names: –

~~~

This species contains two varieties, the nominate and the var. albicomans Edgar.

*********************

Photo: Peter Sweetapple
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/peter_sweetapple

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 01.02.2018

Carex elingamita Hamlin

Carex elingamita

Distribution:

New Zealand: Hinemoa Rock, Manawa Tawhi, North East Island, South West Island, West Island (Three Kings Islands)

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

*********************

edited: 22.08.2017

 

Coprosma acerosa A. Cunn.

Coprosma acerosa

Distribution:

New Zealand: Chatham Islands; Great Barrier Island; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names:

mingimingi – New Zealand

~~~

This species is known to hybridize with other Coprosma spp., for example with Coprosma propinqua var. martinii W. R. B. Oliv., or with Coprosma repens A. Rich., the last hybrid is known as Coprosma x kirkii.

*********************

Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Veronica jovellanoides Garn.-Jones & de Lange

Veronica jovellanoides

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Peter de Lange
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/pjd1

(public domain)

*********************

edited: 07.02.2018

Wahlenbergia pygmaea Colenso

Wahlenbergia pygmaea

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island

local names: –

~~~

This species is endemic to mountainous areas of New Zealand’s North Island, where it occurs with three separable subspecies, Wahlenbergia pygmaea ssp. drucei J. A. Petterson, Wahlenbergia pygmaea ssp. pygmaea Colenso and Wahlenbergia pygmaea ssp. tararua J. A. Petterson. [1]

~~~

The species appears to be genetically inseparable from Wahlenbergia albomarginata Hook., whose species epithet has priority. [2]

*********************

References:

[1] Judith A. Petterson: Revision of the genus Wahlenbergia (Campanulaceae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 35: 9-54. 1997
[2] Jessica M. Prebble; Heidi M. Meudt; Phil J. Garnock-Jones: An expanded molecular phylogeny of the southern bluebells (Wahlenbergia, Campanulaceae) from Australia and New Zealand. Australian Systematic Botany 25: 11-30. 2012

Phyllostegia mollis Benth.

Phyllostegia mollis

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: O’ahu

local names: –

*********************

Photo: David Eickhoff

(under creative commons license (2.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0

Cyanea macrostegia Hillebr.

Cyanea macrostegia

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Maui

local names: –

Veronica decora (Ashwin) Garn.-Jones

Veronica decora

Distribution:

New Zealand: South Island

local names: –

*********************

Photos: Peter Sweetapple
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/peter_sweetapple

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 07.02.2018

Lobelia anceps L. f.

Lobelia anceps

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa
New Zealand: Rangatira Island (Chatham Islands); Great Barrier Island; Kapiti Island; Raoul Island (Kermadec Islands); North Island; Aorangi Island (Poor Knights Islands); South Island; Three Kings Islands; Tiritiri Matangi Island
Norfolk Islands: Norfolk Island

local names:

punakuru – New Zealand
purao – New Zealand
waewae-koukou – New Zealand

~~~

This species occurs from Australia to South Africa and South America, it is found in Polynesia.

Carex coriacea Hamlin

Carex coriacea

Distribution:

New Zealand: North Island; South Island; Stewart Island

local names: –

*********************

Photo: Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/rowan_hindmarsh_walls

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

Cranfillia vulcanica (Blume) Gasper & V. A. O. Dittrich

Cranfillia vulcanica

Distribution:

Austral Islands: Rapa, Tubuai
Cook Islands: Rarotonga
Marquesas: Fatu Hiva, Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiva, Tahuata, Ua Huka, Ua Pou
New Zealand: Chatham Islands; North Island; South Island; Stewart Island
Samoa: Olosega, Savai’i, Ta’u, Tutuila, ‘Upolu
Society Islands: Huahine, Mo’orea, Ra’iatea, Taha’a, Tahiti
Tonga: Kao, Late, Niuafo’ou, Tofua

local names:

korokio – New Zealand

*********************

References:

[1] André Luís Gasper; Vinícius Antonio de Oliveira Dittrich; Alan R. Smith; Alexandre Salino: A classification for Blechnaceae (Polypodiales: Polypodiopsida): New genera, resurrected names, and combinations. Phytotaxa 275(3): 191-227. 2016

*********************

Photo: John Barkla
http://www.inaturalist.org/people/john_barkla

(under creative commons license (4.0))
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0

*********************

edited: 03.02.2018

Astelia menziesiana Sm.

Astelia menziesiana

Distribution:

Hawai’i Islands: Hawai’i, Kaua’i, Lana’i, Maui, Moloka’i, O’ahu

local names:

kaluaha – Hawai’i Islands
pa’iniu – Hawai’i Islands
pua akuhinia – Hawai’i Islands

*********************

Photo: Kim Starr & Forest Starr; by courtesy of Kim Starr & Forest Starr

http://www.starrenvironmental.com

*********************

edited: 18.09.2017