Simulium teruamanga Craig & Craig

Rarotongan Black Fly (Simulium teruamanga)

This species was described in the year 1986.

The animals reach sizes of 0,16 to 0,21 cm, they are completely brownish black in color.

The larvae live aquatically, as usual for this genus, they can be found attached to trailing roots, stones or to decomposing leaves, they use their mouth brushes to filter their food from the water.

The females have only rudimentary mouthparts and thus are not able to take any food.



[1] D. A. Craig; R. E. G. Craig: Simuliidae (Diptera: Culicomorpha) of Rarotonga, Cook Islands, South Pacific. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 13(3): 357-366. 1986
[2] Douglas A. Craig; Nick Porch: Subfossils of extinct and extant species of Simuliidae (Diptera) from Austral and Cook Islands (Polynesia): anthropogenic extirpation of an aquatic insect? Zootaxa 3641(4): 448–462. 2013


edited: 21.09.2016


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